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Washington Divorce Laws



26.09.002
Policy.

Parents have the responsibility to make decisions and perform other parental functions necessary for the care and growth of their minor children. In any proceeding between parents under this chapter, the best interests of the child shall be the standard by which the court determines and allocates the parties' parental responsibilities. The state recognizes the fundamental importance of the parent-child relationship to the welfare of the child, and that the relationship between the child and each parent should be fostered unless inconsistent with the child's best interests. Residential time and financial support are equally important components of parenting arrangements. The best interests of the child are served by a parenting arrangement that best maintains a child's emotional growth, health and stability, and physical care. Further, the best interest of the child is ordinarily served when the existing pattern of interaction between a parent and child is altered only to the extent necessitated by the changed relationship of the parents or as required to protect the child from physical, mental, or emotional harm.

[2007 c 496 101; 1987 c 460 2.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: "Part headings used in this act are not any part of the law." [2007 c 496 801.]




26.09.003
Policy Intent Findings.

The legislature reaffirms the intent of the current law as expressed in RCW 26.09.002. However, after review, the legislature finds that there are certain components of the existing law which do not support the original legislative intent. In order to better implement the existing legislative intent the legislature finds that incentives for parties to reduce family conflict and additional alternative dispute resolution options can assist in reducing the number of contested trials. Furthermore, the legislature finds that the identification of domestic violence as defined in RCW 26.50.010 and the treatment needs of the parties to dissolutions are necessary to improve outcomes for children. When judicial officers have the discretion to tailor individualized resolutions, the legislative intent expressed in RCW 26.09.002 can more readily be achieved. Judicial officers should have the discretion and flexibility to assess each case based on the merits of the individual cases before them.

[2007 c 496 102.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW 26.09.002.




26.09.004
Definitions.

The definitions in this section apply throughout this chapter.

(1) "Military duties potentially impacting parenting functions" means those obligations imposed, voluntarily or involuntarily, on a parent serving in the armed forces that may interfere with that parent's abilities to perform his or her parenting functions under a temporary or permanent parenting plan. Military duties potentially impacting parenting functions include, but are not limited to:

(a) "Deployment," which means the temporary transfer of a service member serving in an active-duty status to another location in support of a military operation, to include any tour of duty classified by the member's branch of the armed forces as "remote" or "unaccompanied";

(b) "Activation" or "mobilization," which means the call-up of a national guard or reserve service member to extended active-duty status. For purposes of this definition, "mobilization" does not include national guard or reserve annual training, inactive duty days, or drill weekends; or

(c) "Temporary duty," which means the transfer of a service member from one military base or the service member's home to a different location, usually another base, for a limited period of time to accomplish training or to assist in the performance of a noncombat mission.

(2) "Parenting functions" means those aspects of the parent-child relationship in which the parent makes decisions and performs functions necessary for the care and growth of the child. Parenting functions include:

(a) Maintaining a loving, stable, consistent, and nurturing relationship with the child;

(b) Attending to the daily needs of the child, such as feeding, clothing, physical care and grooming, supervision, health care, and day care, and engaging in other activities which are appropriate to the developmental level of the child and that are within the social and economic circumstances of the particular family;

(c) Attending to adequate education for the child, including remedial or other education essential to the best interests of the child;

(d) Assisting the child in developing and maintaining appropriate interpersonal relationships;

(e) Exercising appropriate judgment regarding the child's welfare, consistent with the child's developmental level and the family's social and economic circumstances; and

(f) Providing for the financial support of the child.

(3) "Permanent parenting plan" means a plan for parenting the child, including allocation of parenting functions, which plan is incorporated in any final decree or decree of modification in an action for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, declaration of invalidity, or legal separation.

(4) "Temporary parenting plan" means a plan for parenting of the child pending final resolution of any action for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, declaration of invalidity, or legal separation which is incorporated in a temporary order.

[2009 c 502 1; 2008 c 6 1003; 1987 c 460 3.]

Notes:
     Reviser's note: The definitions in this section have been alphabetized pursuant to RCW 1.08.015(2)(k).

     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW 26.60.900 and 26.60.901.




26.09.006
Mandatory use of approved forms.

(1) Effective January 1, 1992, a party shall not file any pleading with the clerk of the court in an action commenced under this chapter unless on forms approved by the administrator for the courts.

(2) The parties shall comply with requirements for submission to the court of forms as provided in RCW 26.18.220
.

[1992 c 229 1; 1990 1st ex.s. c 2 26.]

Notes:
     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW 26.09.100.




26.09.010
Civil practice to govern Designation of proceedings Decrees.

(1) Except as otherwise specifically provided herein, the practice in civil action shall govern all proceedings under this chapter, except that trial by jury is dispensed with.

(2) A proceeding for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation or a declaration concerning the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership shall be entitled "In re the marriage of . . . . . . and . . . . . ." or "In re the domestic partnership of . . . . . . and . . . . . ." Such proceedings may be filed in the superior court of the county where the petitioner resides.

(3) In cases where there has been no prior proceeding in this state involving the marital or domestic partnership status of the parties or support obligations for a minor child, a separate parenting and support proceeding between the parents shall be entitled "In re the parenting and support of . . . . . ."

(4) The initial pleading in all proceedings under this chapter shall be denominated a petition. A responsive pleading shall be denominated a response. Other pleadings, and all pleadings in other matters under this chapter shall be denominated as provided in the civil rules for superior court.

(5) In this chapter, "decree" includes "judgment".

(6) A decree of dissolution, of legal separation, or a declaration concerning the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership shall not be awarded to one of the parties, but shall provide that it affects the status previously existing between the parties in the manner decreed.

(7) In order to provide a means by which to facilitate a fair, efficient, and swift process to resolve matters regarding custody and visitation when a parent serving in the armed forces receives temporary duty, deployment, activation, or mobilization orders from the military, the court shall, upon motion of such a parent:

(a) For good cause shown, hold an expedited hearing in custody and visitation matters instituted under this chapter when the military duties of the parent have a material effect on the parent's ability, or anticipated ability, to appear in person at a regularly scheduled hearing; and

(b) Upon reasonable advance notice to the affected parties and for good cause shown, allow the parent to present testimony and evidence by electronic means in custody and visitation matters instituted under this chapter when the military duties of the parent have a material effect on the parent's ability to appear in person at a regularly scheduled hearing. The phrase "electronic means" includes communication by telephone, video teleconference, or the internet.

[2009 c 502 2; 2008 c 6 1004; 1989 c 375 1; 1987 c 460 1; 1975 c 32 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 1.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW 26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.013
Interpretive services Literacy assistance Guardian ad litem charges Telephone or interactive videoconference participation Residential time in cases involving domestic violence or child abuse Supervised visitation and safe exchange centers.

In order to provide judicial officers with better information and to facilitate decision making which allows for the protection of children from physical, mental, or emotional harm and in order to facilitate consistent healthy contact between both parents and their children:

(1) Parties and witnesses who require the assistance of interpreters shall be provided access to qualified interpreters pursuant to chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=2.42">2.42
or &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=2.43">2.43 RCW. To the extent practicable and within available resources, interpreters shall also be made available at dissolution-related proceedings.

(2) Parties and witnesses who require literacy assistance shall be referred to the multipurpose service centers established in chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=28B.04">28B.04 RCW.

(3) In matters involving guardian ad litems, the court shall specify the hourly rate the guardian ad litem may charge for his or her services, and shall specify the maximum amount the guardian ad litem may charge without additional review. Counties may, and to the extent state funding is provided therefor counties shall, provide indigent parties with guardian ad litem services at a reduced or waived fee.

(4) Parties may request to participate by telephone or interactive videoconference. The court may allow telephonic or interactive videoconference participation of one or more parties at any proceeding in its discretion. The court may also allow telephonic or interactive videoconference participation of witnesses.

(5) In cases involving domestic violence or child abuse, if residential time is ordered, the court may:

(a) Order exchange of a child to occur in a protected setting;

(b) Order residential time supervised by a neutral and independent adult and pursuant to an adequate plan for supervision of such residential time. The court shall not approve of a supervisor for contact between the child and the parent unless the supervisor is willing to and capable of protecting the child from harm. The court shall revoke court approval of the supervisor if the court determines, after a hearing, that the supervisor has failed to protect the child or is no longer willing or capable of protecting the child. If the court allows a family or household member to supervise residential time, the court shall establish conditions to be followed during residential time.

(6) In cases in which the court finds that the parties do not have a satisfactory history of cooperation or there is a high level of parental conflict, the court may order the parties to use supervised visitation and safe exchange centers or alternative safe locations to facilitate the exercise of residential time.

[2007 c 496 401.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW 26.09.002.




26.09.015
Mediation proceedings.

(1) In any proceeding under this chapter, the matter may be set for mediation of the contested issues before or concurrent with the setting of the matter for hearing. The purpose of the mediation proceeding shall be to reduce acrimony which may exist between the parties and to develop an agreement assuring the child's close and continuing contact with both parents after the marriage or the domestic partnership is dissolved. The mediator shall use his or her best efforts to effect a settlement of the dispute.

(2)(a) Each superior court may make available a mediator. The court shall use the most cost-effective mediation services that are readily available unless there is good cause to access alternative providers. The mediator may be a member of the professional staff of a family court or mental health services agency, or may be any other person or agency designated by the court. In order to provide mediation services, the court is not required to institute a family court.

(b) In any proceeding involving issues relating to residential time or other matters governed by a parenting plan, the matter may be set for mediation of the contested issues before or concurrent with the setting of the matter for hearing. Counties may, and to the extent state funding is provided therefor counties shall, provide both predecree and postdecree mediation at reduced or waived fee to the parties within one year of the filing of the dissolution petition.

(3)(a) Mediation proceedings under this chapter shall be governed in all respects by chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=7.07">7.07
RCW, except as follows:

(i) Mediation communications in postdecree mediations mandated by a parenting plan are admissible in subsequent proceedings for the limited purpose of proving:

(A) Abuse, neglect, abandonment, exploitation, or unlawful harassment as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.46.020">9A.46.020(1), of a child;

(B) Abuse or unlawful harassment as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.46.020">9A.46.020(1), of a family or household member as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.010">26.50.010(2); or

(C) That a parent used or frustrated the dispute resolution process without good reason for purposes of RCW 26.09.184(4)(d).

(ii) If a postdecree mediation-arbitration proceeding is required pursuant to a parenting plan and the same person acts as both mediator and arbitrator, mediation communications in the mediation phase of such a proceeding may be admitted during the arbitration phase, and shall be admissible in the judicial review of such a proceeding under RCW 26.09.184(4)(e) to the extent necessary for such review to be effective.

(b) None of the exceptions under (a)(i) and (ii) of this subsection shall subject a mediator to compulsory process to testify except by court order for good cause shown, taking into consideration the need for the mediator's testimony and the interest in the mediator maintaining an appearance of impartiality. If a mediation communication is not privileged under (a)(i) of this subsection or that portion of (a)(ii) of this subsection pertaining to judicial review, only the portion of the communication necessary for the application of the exception may be admitted, and such admission of evidence shall not render any other mediation communication discoverable or admissible except as may be provided in chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=7.07">7.07 RCW.

(4) The mediator shall assess the needs and interests of the child or children involved in the controversy and may interview the child or children if the mediator deems such interview appropriate or necessary.

(5) Any agreement reached by the parties as a result of mediation shall be reported to the court and to counsel for the parties by the mediator on the day set for mediation or any time thereafter designated by the court.

[2008 c 6 1044; (2008 c 6 1043 expired January 1, 2009). Prior: 2007 c 496 602; 2007 c 496 501; 2005 c 172 17; 1991 c 367 2; 1989 c 375 2; 1986 c 95 4.]

Notes:
     Effective date -- 2008 c 6 1044: "Section 1044 of this act takes effect January 1, 2009." [2008 c 6 1305.]

     Expiration date -- 2008 c 6 1043: "Section 1043 of this act expires January 1, 2009." [2008 c 6 1304.]

     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Effective dates -- 2007 c 496 201, 202, 204, and 501: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.12.260">26.12.260.

     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW 26.09.002.

     Short title -- Captions not law -- Severability -- Effective date -- 2005 c 172: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=7.07.900">7.07.900 through &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=7.07.902">7.07.902 and&apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=7.07.904">7.07.904 .

     Severability -- 1991 c 367: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1991 c 367 54.]

     Effective date -- 1991 c 367: "This act shall take effect September 1, 1991." [1991 c 367 55.]

     Captions not law -- 1991 c 367: "Captions as used in this act do not constitute any part of the law." [1991 c 367 57.]

Mediation testimony competency: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=5.60.070">5.60.070 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=5.60.072">5.60.072.




26.09.016
Mediation in cases involving domestic violence or child abuse.

Mediation is generally inappropriate in cases involving domestic violence and child abuse. In order to effectively identify cases where issues of domestic violence and child abuse are present and reduce conflict in dissolution matters: (1) Where appropriate parties shall be provided access to trained domestic violence advocates; and (2) in cases where a victim requests mediation the court may make exceptions and permit mediation, so long as the court makes a finding that mediation is appropriate under the circumstances and the victim is permitted to have a supporting person present during the mediation proceedings.

[2007 c 496 301.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW 26.09.002.




26.09.020
Petition Dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or for a declaration concerning validity of marriage or domestic partnership Contents Parties Certificate.

(1) A petition in a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or for a declaration concerning the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership shall allege:

(a) The last known state of residence of each party, and if a party's last known state of residence is Washington, the last known county of residence;

(b) The date and place of the marriage or, for domestic partnerships, the date of registration, and place of residence when the domestic partnership was registered;

(c) If the parties are separated the date on which the separation occurred;

(d) The names and ages of any child dependent upon either or both spouses or either or both domestic partners and whether the wife or domestic partner is pregnant;

(e) Any arrangements as to the residential schedule of, decision making for, dispute resolution for, and support of the children and the maintenance of a spouse or domestic partner;

(f) A statement specifying whether there is community or separate property owned by the parties to be disposed of;

(g) If the county has established a program under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.12.260">26.12.260
, a statement affirming that the moving party met and conferred with the program prior to filing the petition;

(h) The relief sought.

(2) Either or both parties to the marriage or to the domestic partnership may initiate the proceeding.

(3) The petitioner shall complete and file with the petition a certificate under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.150">43.70.150 on the form provided by the department of health and the confidential information form under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.050">26.23.050.

(4) Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit or prohibit the ability of parties to obtain appropriate emergency orders.

[2008 c 6 1005; 2007 c 496 203; 2001 c 42 1; 1997 c 58 945. Prior: 1989 1st ex.s. c 9 204; 1989 c 375 3; 1983 1st ex.s. c 45 2; 1973 2nd ex.s. c 23 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 2.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW 26.09.002.

     Effective date -- 2001 c 42: "This act takes effect October 1, 2001." [2001 c 42 7.]

     Severability -- 2001 c 42: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [2001 c 42 8.]

     Short title -- Part headings, captions, table of contents not law -- Exemptions and waivers from federal law -- Conflict with federal requirements -- Severability -- 1997 c 58: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.08A.900">74.08A.900 through &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.08A.904">74.08A.904.

     Effective date -- Severability -- 1989 1st ex.s. c 9: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.910">43.70.910 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.920">43.70.920.




26.09.030
Petition for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership Court proceedings, findings Transfer to family court Legal separation in lieu of dissolution.

When a party who (1) is a resident of this state, or (2) is a member of the armed forces and is stationed in this state, or (3) is married or in a domestic partnership to a party who is a resident of this state or who is a member of the armed forces and is stationed in this state, petitions for a dissolution of marriage or dissolution of domestic partnership, and alleges that the marriage or domestic partnership is irretrievably broken and when ninety days have elapsed since the petition was filed and from the date when service of summons was made upon the respondent or the first publication of summons was made, the court shall proceed as follows:

(a) If the other party joins in the petition or does not deny that the marriage or domestic partnership is irretrievably broken, the court shall enter a decree of dissolution.

(b) If the other party alleges that the petitioner was induced to file the petition by fraud, or coercion, the court shall make a finding as to that allegation and, if it so finds shall dismiss the petition.

(c) If the other party denies that the marriage or domestic partnership is irretrievably broken the court shall consider all relevant factors, including the circumstances that gave rise to the filing of the petition and the prospects for reconciliation and shall:

(i) Make a finding that the marriage or domestic partnership is irretrievably broken and enter a decree of dissolution of the marriage or domestic partnership; or

(ii) At the request of either party or on its own motion, transfer the cause to the family court, refer them to another counseling service of their choice, and request a report back from the counseling service within sixty days, or continue the matter for not more than sixty days for hearing. If the cause is returned from the family court or at the adjourned hearing, the court shall:

(A) Find that the parties have agreed to reconciliation and dismiss the petition; or

(B) Find that the parties have not been reconciled, and that either party continues to allege that the marriage or domestic partnership is irretrievably broken. When such facts are found, the court shall enter a decree of dissolution of the marriage or domestic partnership.

(d) If the petitioner requests the court to decree legal separation in lieu of dissolution, the court shall enter the decree in that form unless the other party objects and petitions for a decree of dissolution or declaration of invalidity.

(e) In considering a petition for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, a court shall not use a party's pregnancy as the sole basis for denying or delaying the entry of a decree of dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership. Granting a decree of dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership when a party is pregnant does not affect further proceedings under the uniform parentage act, chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.26">26.26
RCW.

[2008 c 6 1006; 2005 c 55 1; 1996 c 23 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 3.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.040
Petition to have marriage or domestic partnership declared invalid or judicial determination of validity Procedure Findings Grounds Legitimacy of children.

(1) While both parties to an alleged marriage or domestic partnership are living, and at least one party is resident in this state or a member of the armed service and stationed in the state, a petition to have the marriage or domestic partnership declared invalid may be sought by:

(a) Either or both parties, or the guardian of an incompetent spouse or incompetent domestic partner, for any cause specified in subsection (4) of this section; or

(b) Either or both parties, the legal spouse or domestic partner, or a child of either party when it is alleged that either or both parties is married to or in a domestic partnership with another person.

(2) If the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership is denied or questioned at any time, either or both parties to the marriage or either or both parties to the domestic partnership may petition the court for a judicial determination of the validity of such marriage or domestic partnership.

(3) In a proceeding to declare the invalidity of a marriage or domestic partnership, the court shall proceed in the manner and shall have the jurisdiction, including the authority to provide for maintenance, a parenting plan for minor children, and division of the property of the parties, provided by this chapter.

(4) After hearing the evidence concerning the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership, if both parties to the alleged marriage or domestic partnership are still living, the court:

(a) If it finds the marriage or domestic partnership to be valid, shall enter a decree of validity;

(b) If it finds that:

(i) The marriage or domestic partnership should not have been contracted because of age of one or both of the parties, lack of required parental or court approval, a prior undissolved marriage of one or both of the parties, a prior domestic partnership of one or both parties that has not been terminated or dissolved, reasons of consanguinity, or because a party lacked capacity to consent to the marriage or domestic partnership, either because of mental incapacity or because of the influence of alcohol or other incapacitating substances, or because a party was induced to enter into the marriage or domestic partnership by force or duress, or by fraud involving the essentials of marriage or domestic partnership, and that the parties have not ratified their marriage or domestic partnership by voluntarily cohabiting after attaining the age of consent, or after attaining capacity to consent, or after cessation of the force or duress or discovery of the fraud, shall declare the marriage or domestic partnership invalid as of the date it was purportedly contracted;

(ii) The marriage or domestic partnership should not have been contracted because of any reason other than those above, shall upon motion of a party, order any action which may be appropriate to complete or to correct the record and enter a decree declaring such marriage or domestic partnership to be valid for all purposes from the date upon which it was purportedly contracted;

(c) If it finds that a marriage or domestic partnership contracted in a jurisdiction other than this state, was void or voidable under the law of the place where the marriage or domestic partnership was contracted, and in the absence of proof that such marriage or domestic partnership was subsequently validated by the laws of the place of contract or of a subsequent domicile of the parties, shall declare the marriage or domestic partnership invalid as of the date of the marriage or domestic partnership.

(5) Any child of the parties born or conceived during the existence of a marriage or domestic partnership of record is legitimate and remains legitimate notwithstanding the entry of a declaration of invalidity of the marriage or domestic partnership.

[2008 c 6 1007; 1987 c 460 4; 1975 c 32 2; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 4.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.050
Decrees Contents Restraining orders Enforcement Notice of termination or modification of restraining order.

(1) In entering a decree of dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity, the court shall determine the marital or domestic partnership status of the parties, make provision for a parenting plan for any minor child of the marriage or domestic partnership, make provision for the support of any child of the marriage or domestic partnership entitled to support, consider or approve provision for the maintenance of either spouse or either domestic partner, make provision for the disposition of property and liabilities of the parties, make provision for the allocation of the children as federal tax exemptions, make provision for any necessary continuing restraining orders including the provisions contained in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.41.800">9.41.800, make provision for the issuance within this action of the restraint provisions of a domestic violence protection order under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50">26.50 RCW or an antiharassment protection order under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=10.14">10.14 RCW, and make provision for the change of name of any party.

(2) Restraining orders issued under this section restraining or enjoining the person from molesting or disturbing another party, or from going onto the grounds of or entering the home, workplace, or school of the other party or the day care or school of any child, or prohibiting the person from knowingly coming within, or knowingly remaining within, a specified distance of a location, shall prominently bear on the front page of the order the legend: VIOLATION OF THIS ORDER WITH ACTUAL NOTICE OF ITS TERMS IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE UNDER CHAPTER &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50">26.50 RCW AND WILL SUBJECT A VIOLATOR TO ARREST.

(3) The court shall order that any restraining order bearing a criminal offense legend, any domestic violence protection order, or any antiharassment protection order granted under this section, in addition to the law enforcement information sheet or proof of service of the order, be forwarded by the clerk of the court on or before the next judicial day to the appropriate law enforcement agency specified in the order. Upon receipt of the order, the law enforcement agency shall enter the order into any computer-based criminal intelligence information system available in this state used by law enforcement agencies to list outstanding warrants. The order is fully enforceable in any county in the state.

(4) If a restraining order issued pursuant to this section is modified or terminated, the clerk of the court shall notify the law enforcement agency specified in the order on or before the next judicial day. Upon receipt of notice that an order has been terminated, the law enforcement agency shall remove the order from any computer-based criminal intelligence system.

[2008 c 6 1008; 2000 c 119 6; 1995 c 93 2; 1994 sp.s. c 7 451; 1989 c 375 29; 1987 c 460 5; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 5.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Application -- 2000 c 119: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.021">26.50.021.

     Finding -- Intent -- Severability -- 1994 sp.s. c 7: See notes following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.540">43.70.540.

     Effective date -- 1994 sp.s. c 7 401-410, 413-416, 418-437, and 439-460: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.41.010">9.41.010.




26.09.060
Temporary maintenance or child support Temporary restraining order Preliminary injunction Domestic violence or antiharassment protection order Notice of termination or modification of restraining order Support debts, notice.

(1) In a proceeding for:

(a) Dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or a declaration of invalidity; or

(b) Disposition of property or liabilities, maintenance, or support following dissolution of the marriage or the domestic partnership by a court which lacked personal jurisdiction over the absent spouse or absent domestic partner; either party may move for temporary maintenance or for temporary support of children entitled to support. The motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit setting forth the factual basis for the motion and the amounts requested.

(2) As a part of a motion for temporary maintenance or support or by independent motion accompanied by affidavit, either party may request the court to issue a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction, providing relief proper in the circumstances, and restraining or enjoining any person from:

(a) Transferring, removing, encumbering, concealing, or in any way disposing of any property except in the usual course of business or for the necessities of life, and, if so restrained or enjoined, requiring him or her to notify the moving party of any proposed extraordinary expenditures made after the order is issued;

(b) Molesting or disturbing the peace of the other party or of any child;

(c) Going onto the grounds of or entering the home, workplace, or school of the other party or the day care or school of any child upon a showing of the necessity therefor;

(d) Knowingly coming within, or knowingly remaining within, a specified distance from a specified location; and

(e) Removing a child from the jurisdiction of the court.

(3) Either party may request a domestic violence protection order under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50">26.50
RCW or an antiharassment protection order under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=10.14">10.14 RCW on a temporary basis. The court may grant any of the relief provided in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.060">26.50.060 except relief pertaining to residential provisions for the children which provisions shall be provided for under this chapter, and any of the relief provided in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=10.14.080">10.14.080. Ex parte orders issued under this subsection shall be effective for a fixed period not to exceed fourteen days, or upon court order, not to exceed twenty-four days if necessary to ensure that all temporary motions in the case can be heard at the same time.

(4) In issuing the order, the court shall consider the provisions of RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.41.800">9.41.800.

(5) The court may issue a temporary restraining order without requiring notice to the other party only if it finds on the basis of the moving affidavit or other evidence that irreparable injury could result if an order is not issued until the time for responding has elapsed.

(6) The court may issue a temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction and an order for temporary maintenance or support in such amounts and on such terms as are just and proper in the circumstances. The court may in its discretion waive the filing of the bond or the posting of security.

(7) Restraining orders issued under this section restraining the person from molesting or disturbing another party, or from going onto the grounds of or entering the home, workplace, or school of the other party or the day care or school of any child, or prohibiting the person from knowingly coming within, or knowingly remaining within, a specified distance of a location, shall prominently bear on the front page of the order the legend: VIOLATION OF THIS ORDER WITH ACTUAL NOTICE OF ITS TERMS IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE UNDER CHAPTER &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50">26.50 RCW AND WILL SUBJECT A VIOLATOR TO ARREST.

(8) The court shall order that any temporary restraining order bearing a criminal offense legend, any domestic violence protection order, or any antiharassment protection order granted under this section be forwarded by the clerk of the court on or before the next judicial day to the appropriate law enforcement agency specified in the order. Upon receipt of the order, the law enforcement agency shall enter the order into any computer-based criminal intelligence information system available in this state used by law enforcement agencies to list outstanding warrants. Entry into the computer-based criminal intelligence information system constitutes notice to all law enforcement agencies of the existence of the order. The order is fully enforceable in any county in the state.

(9) If a restraining order issued pursuant to this section is modified or terminated, the clerk of the court shall notify the law enforcement agency specified in the order on or before the next judicial day. Upon receipt of notice that an order has been terminated, the law enforcement agency shall remove the order from any computer-based criminal intelligence system.

(10) A temporary order, temporary restraining order, or preliminary injunction:

(a) Does not prejudice the rights of a party or any child which are to be adjudicated at subsequent hearings in the proceeding;

(b) May be revoked or modified;

(c) Terminates when the final decree is entered, except as provided under subsection (11) of this section, or when the petition for dissolution, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity is dismissed;

(d) May be entered in a proceeding for the modification of an existing decree.

(11) Delinquent support payments accrued under an order for temporary support remain collectible and are not extinguished when a final decree is entered unless the decree contains specific language to the contrary. A support debt under a temporary order owed to the state for public assistance expenditures shall not be extinguished by the final decree if:

(a) The obligor was given notice of the state's interest under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.20A">74.20A RCW; or

(b) The temporary order directs the obligor to make support payments to the office of support enforcement or the Washington state support registry.

[2008 c 6 1009; 2000 c 119 7; 1995 c 246 26; 1994 sp.s. c 7 452; 1992 c 229 9; 1989 c 360 37; 1984 c 263 26; 1983 1st ex.s. c 41 1; 1983 c 232 10; 1975 c 32 3; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 6.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Application -- 2000 c 119: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.021">26.50.021.

     Severability -- 1995 c 246: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.010">26.50.010.

     Finding -- Intent -- Severability -- 1994 sp.s. c 7: See notes following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.540">43.70.540.

     Effective date -- 1994 sp.s. c 7 401-410, 413-416, 418-437, and 439-460: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.41.010">9.41.010.

     Effective date -- Severability -- 1984 c 263: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.901">26.50.901 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.902">26.50.902.

     Severability -- 1983 1st ex.s. c 41: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1983 1st ex.s. c 41 46.]

     Severability -- 1983 c 232: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.41.010">9.41.010.

Arrest without warrant in domestic violence cases: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=10.31.100">10.31.100(2).

Child abuse, temporary restraining order: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.44.063">26.44.063.

Ex parte temporary order for protection: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.070">26.50.070.

Orders for protection in cases of domestic violence: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.030">26.50.030.

Orders prohibiting contact: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=10.99.040">10.99.040.




26.09.070
Separation contracts.

(1) The parties to a marriage or a domestic partnership, in order to promote the amicable settlement of disputes attendant upon their separation or upon the filing of a petition for dissolution of their marriage or domestic partnership, a decree of legal separation, or declaration of invalidity of their marriage or domestic partnership, may enter into a written separation contract providing for the maintenance of either of them, the disposition of any property owned by both or either of them, the parenting plan and support for their children and for the release of each other from all obligation except that expressed in the contract.

(2) If the parties to such contract elect to live separate and apart without any court decree, they may record such contract and cause notice thereof to be published in a legal newspaper of the county wherein the parties resided prior to their separation. Recording such contract and publishing notice of the making thereof shall constitute notice to all persons of such separation and of the facts contained in the recorded document.

(3) If either or both of the parties to a separation contract shall at the time of the execution thereof, or at a subsequent time, petition the court for dissolution of their marriage or domestic partnership, for a decree of legal separation, or for a declaration of invalidity of their marriage or domestic partnership, the contract, except for those terms providing for a parenting plan for their children, shall be binding upon the court unless it finds, after considering the economic circumstances of the parties and any other relevant evidence produced by the parties on their own motion or on request of the court, that the separation contract was unfair at the time of its execution. Child support may be included in the separation contract and shall be reviewed in the subsequent proceeding for compliance with RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19.020">26.19.020
.

(4) If the court in an action for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity finds that the separation contract was unfair at the time of its execution, it may make orders for the maintenance of either party, the disposition of their property and the discharge of their obligations.

(5) Unless the separation contract provides to the contrary, the agreement shall be set forth in the decree of dissolution, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity, or filed in the action or made an exhibit and incorporated by reference, except that in all cases the terms of the parenting plan shall be set out in the decree, and the parties shall be ordered to comply with its terms.

(6) Terms of the contract set forth or incorporated by reference in the decree may be enforced by all remedies available for the enforcement of a judgment, including contempt, and are enforceable as contract terms.

(7) When the separation contract so provides, the decree may expressly preclude or limit modification of any provision for maintenance set forth in the decree. Terms of a separation contract pertaining to a parenting plan for the children and, in the absence of express provision to the contrary, terms providing for maintenance set forth or incorporated by reference in the decree are automatically modified by modification of the decree.

(8) If at any time the parties to the separation contract by mutual agreement elect to terminate the separation contract they may do so without formality unless the contract was recorded as in subsection (2) of this section, in which case a statement should be filed terminating the contract.

[2008 c 6 1010; 1989 c 375 4; 1987 c 460 6; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 7.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.080
Disposition of property and liabilities Factors.

In a proceeding for dissolution of the marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, declaration of invalidity, or in a proceeding for disposition of property following dissolution of the marriage or the domestic partnership by a court which lacked personal jurisdiction over the absent spouse or absent domestic partner or lacked jurisdiction to dispose of the property, the court shall, without regard to misconduct, make such disposition of the property and the liabilities of the parties, either community or separate, as shall appear just and equitable after considering all relevant factors including, but not limited to:

(1) The nature and extent of the community property;

(2) The nature and extent of the separate property;

(3) The duration of the marriage or domestic partnership; and

(4) The economic circumstances of each spouse or domestic partner at the time the division of property is to become effective, including the desirability of awarding the family home or the right to live therein for reasonable periods to a spouse or domestic partner with whom the children reside the majority of the time.

[2008 c 6 1011; 1989 c 375 5; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 8.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.090
Maintenance orders for either spouse or either domestic partner Factors.

(1) In a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, declaration of invalidity, or in a proceeding for maintenance following dissolution of the marriage or domestic partnership by a court which lacked personal jurisdiction over the absent spouse or absent domestic partner, the court may grant a maintenance order for either spouse or either domestic partner. The maintenance order shall be in such amounts and for such periods of time as the court deems just, without regard to misconduct, after considering all relevant factors including but not limited to:

(a) The financial resources of the party seeking maintenance, including separate or community property apportioned to him or her, and his or her ability to meet his or her needs independently, including the extent to which a provision for support of a child living with the party includes a sum for that party;

(b) The time necessary to acquire sufficient education or training to enable the party seeking maintenance to find employment appropriate to his or her skill, interests, style of life, and other attendant circumstances;

(c) The standard of living established during the marriage or domestic partnership;

(d) The duration of the marriage or domestic partnership;

(e) The age, physical and emotional condition, and financial obligations of the spouse or domestic partner seeking maintenance; and

(f) The ability of the spouse or domestic partner from whom maintenance is sought to meet his or her needs and financial obligations while meeting those of the spouse or domestic partner seeking maintenance.

[2008 c 6 1012; 1989 c 375 6; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 9.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.100
Child support Apportionment of expense Periodic adjustments or modifications.

(1) In a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, declaration of invalidity, maintenance, or child support, after considering all relevant factors but without regard to misconduct, the court shall order either or both parents owing a duty of support to any child of the marriage or the domestic partnership dependent upon either or both spouses or domestic partners to pay an amount determined under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19">26.19 RCW.

(2) The court may require automatic periodic adjustments or modifications of child support. That portion of any decree that requires periodic adjustments or modifications of child support shall use the provisions in chapter 26.19 RCW as the basis for the adjustment or modification. Provisions in the decree for periodic adjustment or modification shall not conflict with RCW 26.09.170 except that the decree may require periodic adjustments or modifications of support more frequently than the time periods established pursuant to RCW 26.09.170.

(3) Upon motion of a party and without a substantial change of circumstances, the court shall modify the decree to comply with subsection (2) of this section as to installments accruing subsequent to entry of the court's order on the motion for modification.

(4) The adjustment or modification provision may be modified by the court due to economic hardship consistent with the provisions of RCW 26.09.170(5)(a).

[2008 c 6 1013; 1991 sp.s. c 28 1; 1990 1st ex.s. c 2 1; 1989 c 375 7; 1988 c 275 9; 1987 c 430 3; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 10.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Severability -- 1991 sp.s. c 28: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1991 sp.s. c 28 9.]

     Effective date -- 1991 sp.s. c 28: "Sections 1 through 9 of this act are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect September 1, 1991." [1991 sp.s. c 28 10.]

     Captions not law -- 1991 sp.s. c 28: "Captions as used in this act do not constitute any part of the law." [1991 sp.s. c 28 11.]

     Effective dates -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: "(1) Sections 5 and 22 of this act are necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [March 26, 1990].

(2) The remainder of this act shall take effect July 1, 1990." [1990 1st ex.s. c 2 30.]

     Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1990 1st ex.s. c 2 31.]

     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1988 c 275: See notes following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19.001">26.19.001.

     Severability -- 1987 c 430: See note following RCW &"#26.09.170">26.09.170.




26.09.105
Child support Medical support Conditions.

(1) Whenever a child support order is entered or modified under this chapter, the court shall require both parents to provide medical support for any child named in the order as provided in this section.

(a) Medical support consists of:

(i) Health insurance coverage; and

(ii) Cash medical support.

(b) Cash medical support consists of:

(i) A parent's monthly payment toward the premium paid for coverage by either the other parent or the state, which represents the obligated parent's proportionate share of the premium paid, but no more than twenty-five percent of the obligated parent's basic support obligation; and

(ii) A parent's proportionate share of uninsured medical expenses.

(c) Under appropriate circumstances, the court may excuse one parent from the responsibility to provide health insurance coverage or the monthly payment toward the premium.

(d) The court shall always require both parents to contribute their proportionate share of uninsured medical expenses.

(2) Both parents share the obligation to provide medical support for the child or children specified in the order, by providing health insurance coverage or contributing a cash medical support obligation when appropriate, and paying a proportionate share of any uninsured medical expenses.

(3)(a) The court may specify how medical support must be provided by each parent under subsection (4) of this section.

(b) If the court does not specify how medical support will be provided or if neither parent provides proof that he or she is providing health insurance coverage for the child at the time the support order is entered, the division of child support or either parent may enforce a parent's obligation to provide medical support under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.18.170">26.18.170
.

(4)(a) If there is sufficient evidence provided at the time the order is entered, the court may make a determination of which parent must provide coverage and which parent must contribute a sum certain amount as his or her monthly payment toward the premium.

(b) If both parents have available health insurance coverage that is accessible to the child at the time the support order is entered, the court has discretion to order the parent with better coverage to provide the health insurance coverage for the child and the other parent to pay a monthly payment toward the premium. In making the determination of which coverage is better, the court shall consider the needs of the child, the cost and extent of each parent's coverage, and the accessibility of the coverage.

(c) Each parent shall remain responsible for his or her proportionate share of uninsured medical expenses.

(5) The order must provide that if the parties' circumstances change, the parties' medical support obligations will be enforced as provided in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.18.170">26.18.170.

(6) A parent who is ordered to maintain or provide health insurance coverage may comply with that requirement by:

(a) Providing proof of accessible private insurance coverage for any child named in the order; or

(b) Providing coverage that can be extended to cover the child that is available to that parent through employment or that is union-related, if the cost of such coverage does not exceed twenty-five percent of that parent's basic child support obligation.

(7) The court may order a parent to provide health insurance coverage that exceeds twenty-five percent of that parent's basic support obligation if it is in the best interests of the child to provide coverage.

(8) If the child receives state-financed medical coverage through the department under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.09">74.09 RCW for which there is an assignment, the obligated parent shall pay a monthly payment toward the premium.

(9) Each parent is responsible for his or her proportionate share of uninsured medical expenses for the child or children covered by the support order.

(10) The parents must maintain health insurance coverage as required under this section until:

(a) Further order of the court;

(b) The child is emancipated, if there is no express language to the contrary in the order; or

(c) Health insurance is no longer available through the parents' employer or union and no conversion privileges exist to continue coverage following termination of employment.

(11) A parent who is required to extend health insurance coverage to a child under this section is liable for any covered health care costs for which the parent receives direct payment from an insurer.

(12) This section shall not be construed to limit the authority of the court to enter or modify support orders containing provisions for payment of uninsured health expenses, health care costs, or insurance premiums which are in addition to and not inconsistent with this section.

(13) A parent ordered to provide health insurance coverage must provide proof of such coverage or proof that such coverage is unavailable within twenty days of the entry of the order to:

(a) The other parent; or

(b) The department of social and health services if the parent has been notified or ordered to make support payments to the Washington state support registry.

(14) Every order requiring a parent to provide health care or insurance coverage must be entered in compliance with *RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.050">26.23.050 and be subject to direct enforcement as provided under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.18">26.18 RCW.

(15) When a parent is providing health insurance coverage at the time the order is entered, the premium shall be included in the worksheets for the calculation of child support under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19">26.19 RCW.

(16) As used in this section:

(a) "Accessible" means health insurance coverage which provides primary care services to the child or children with reasonable effort by the custodian.

(b) "Cash medical support" means a combination of: (i) A parent's monthly payment toward the premium paid for coverage by either the other parent or the state, which represents the obligated parent's proportionate share of the premium paid, but no more than twenty-five percent of the obligated parent's basic support obligation; and (ii) a parent's proportionate share of uninsured medical expenses.

(c) "Health insurance coverage" does not include medical assistance

provided under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.09">74.09 RCW.

(d) "Uninsured medical expenses" includes premiums, copays, deductibles, along with other health care costs not covered by insurance.

(e) "Obligated parent" means a parent ordered to provide health insurance coverage for the children.

(f) "Proportionate share" means an amount equal to a parent's percentage share of the combined monthly net income of both parents as computed when determining a parent's child support obligation under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19">26.19 RCW.

(g) "Monthly payment toward the premium" means a parent's contribution toward premiums paid by the other parent or the state for insurance coverage for the child, which is based on the obligated parent's proportionate share of the premium paid, but no more than twenty-five percent of the obligated parent's basic support obligation.

(17) The department of social and health services has rule-making authority to enact rules in compliance with 45 C.F.R. Parts 302, 303, 304, 305, and 308.

[2009 c 476 1; 1994 c 230 1; 1989 c 416 1; 1985 c 108 1; 1984 c 201 1.]

Notes:
     *Reviser's note: The reference to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.050">26.23.050 appears to refer to the amendments made by 1989 c 416 8, which was vetoed by the governor.

     Effective date -- 2009 c 476: "This act takes effect October 1, 2009." [2009 c 476 10]




26.09.110
Minor or dependent child Court appointed attorney to represent Payment of costs, fees, and disbursements.

The court may appoint an attorney to represent the interests of a minor or dependent child with respect to provision for the parenting plan in an action for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration concerning the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership. The court shall enter an order for costs, fees, and disbursements in favor of the child's attorney. The order shall be made against either or both parents, except that, if both parties are indigent, the costs, fees, and disbursements shall be borne by the county.

[2008 c 6 1014; 1987 c 460 11; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 11.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

Process -- Domestic relations actions: Rules of court: CR 4.1.




26.09.120
Support or maintenance payments To whom paid.

(1) The court shall order support payments, including maintenance if child support is ordered, to be made to the Washington state support registry, or the person entitled to receive the payments under an order approved by the court as provided in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.050">26.23.050.

(2) Maintenance payments, when ordered in an action where there is no dependent child, may be ordered to be paid to the person entitled to receive the payments, or the clerk of the court as trustee for remittance to the persons entitled to receive the payments.

(3) If support or maintenance payments are made to the clerk of court, the clerk:

(a) Shall maintain records listing the amount of payments, the date when payments are required to be made, and the names and addresses of the parties affected by the order;

(b) May by local court rule accept only certified funds or cash as payment; and

(c) Shall accept only certified funds or cash for five years in all cases after one check has been returned for nonsufficient funds or account closure.

(4) The parties affected by the order shall inform the registry through which the payments are ordered to be paid of any change of address or of other conditions that may affect the administration of the order.

[2008 c 6 1015; 1994 c 230 2; 1989 c 360 11. Prior: 1987 c 435 15; 1987 c 363 5; 1983 1st ex.s. c 45 3; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 12.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Effective date -- 1987 c 435: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.900">26.23.900.




26.09.135
Order or decree for child support Compliance with RCW 26.23.050.

Every court order or decree establishing a child support obligation shall be entered in compliance with the provisions of RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.050">26.23.050.

[1987 c 435 16; 1986 c 138 1; 1984 c 260 21.]

Notes:
     Effective date -- 1987 c 435: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.23.900">26.23.900.

     Severability -- 1984 c 260: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.18.900">26.18.900.




26.09.138
Mandatory assignment of public retirement benefits Remedies exclusive.

(1) Any obligee of a court order or decree establishing a spousal maintenance obligation may seek a mandatory benefits assignment order under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50">41.50 RCW if any spousal maintenance payment is more than fifteen days past due and the total of such past due payments is equal to or greater than one hundred dollars, or if the obligor requests a withdrawal of accumulated contributions from the department of retirement systems.

(2) Any court order or decree establishing a spousal maintenance obligation may state that, if any spousal maintenance payment is more than fifteen days past due and the total of such past due payments is equal to or greater than one hundred dollars, or if the obligor requests a withdrawal of accumulated contributions from the department of retirement systems, the obligee may seek a mandatory benefits assignment order under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50">41.50 RCW without prior notice to the obligor. Any such court order or decree may also, or in the alternative, contain a provision that would allow the department to make a direct payment of all or part of a withdrawal of accumulated contributions pursuant to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.550">41.50.550(3). Failure to include this provision does not affect the validity of the court order or decree establishing the spousal maintenance, nor does such failure affect the general applicability of RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.500">41.50.500 through &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.650">41.50.650 to such obligations.

(3) The remedies in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.530">41.50.530 through &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.630">41.50.630 are the exclusive provisions of law enforceable against the department of retirement systems in connection with any action for enforcement of a spousal maintenance obligation ordered pursuant to a divorce, dissolution, or legal separation, and no other remedy ordered by a court under this chapter shall be enforceable against the department of retirement systems for collection of spousal maintenance.

(4)(a) Nothing in this section regarding mandatory assignment of benefits to enforce a spousal maintenance obligation shall abridge the right of an ex spouse to receive direct payment of retirement benefits payable pursuant to: (i) A court decree of dissolution or legal separation; or (ii) any court order or court-approved property settlement agreement; or (iii) incident to any court decree of dissolution or legal separation, if such dissolution orders fully comply with RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.670">41.50.670 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.700">41.50.700, or as applicable, RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=2.10.180">2.10.180, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=2.12.090">2.12.090, *&apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.04.310">41.04.310, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.04.320">41.04.320, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.04.330">41.04.330, **&apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.26.180">41.26.180, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.32.052">41.32.052, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.40.052">41.40.052, or &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.43.310">43.43.310 as those statutes existed before July 1, 1987, and as those statutes exist on and after July 28, 1991.

(b) Persons whose dissolution orders as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.500">41.50.500(3) were entered between July 1, 1987, and July 28, 1991, shall be entitled to receive direct payments of retirement benefits to satisfy court-ordered property divisions if the dissolution orders filed with the department comply or are amended to comply with RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.670">41.50.670 through &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.720">41.50.720 and, as applicable, RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=2.10.180">2.10.180, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=2.12.090">2.12.090, **&apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.26.180">41.26.180, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.32.052">41.32.052, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.40.052">41.40.052, or &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.43.310">43.43.310.

[1991 c 365 24; 1987 c 326 26.]

Notes:
     Reviser's note: *(1) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.04.310">41.04.310, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.04.320">41.04.320, and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.04.330">41.04.330 were repealed by 1987 c 326 21, effective July 1, 1987.

**(2) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.26.180">41.26.180 was recodified as RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.26.053">41.26.053 pursuant to 1994 c 298 5.

     Severability -- 1991 c 365: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.500">41.50.500.

     Effective date -- 1987 c 326: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=41.50.901">41.50.901.




26.09.140
Payment of costs, attorney's fees, etc.

The court from time to time after considering the financial resources of both parties may order a party to pay a reasonable amount for the cost to the other party of maintaining or defending any proceeding under this chapter and for reasonable attorney's fees or other professional fees in connection therewith, including sums for legal services rendered and costs incurred prior to the commencement of the proceeding or enforcement or modification proceedings after entry of judgment.

Upon any appeal, the appellate court may, in its discretion, order a party to pay for the cost to the other party of maintaining the appeal and attorney's fees in addition to statutory costs.

The court may order that the attorney's fees be paid directly to the attorney who may enforce the order in his name.

[1973 1st ex.s. c 157 14.]




26.09.150
Decree of dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity Finality Appeal Conversion of decree of legal separation to decree of dissolution Name of party.

(1) A decree of dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity is final when entered, subject to the right of appeal. An appeal which does not challenge the finding that the marriage or domestic partnership is irretrievably broken or was invalid, does not delay the finality of the dissolution or declaration of invalidity and either party may remarry or enter into a domestic partnership pending such an appeal.

(2)(a) No earlier than six months after entry of a decree of legal separation, on motion of either party, the court shall convert the decree of legal separation to a decree of dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership. The clerk of court shall complete the certificate as provided for in *RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70.58.200">70.58.200
on the form provided by the department of health. On or before the tenth day of each month, the clerk of the court shall forward to the state registrar of vital statistics the certificate of each decree of divorce, dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, annulment, or separate maintenance granted during the preceding month.

(b) Once a month, the state registrar of vital statistics shall prepare a list of persons for whom a certificate of dissolution of domestic partnership was transmitted to the registrar and was not included in a previous list, and shall supply the list to the secretary of state.

(3) Upon request of a party whose marriage or domestic partnership is dissolved or declared invalid, the court shall order a former name restored or the court may, in its discretion, order a change to another name.

[2008 c 6 1016. Prior: 1989 1st ex.s. c 9 205; 1989 c 375 30; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 15.]

Notes:
     *Reviser's note: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70.58.200">70.58.200 was repealed by 1991 c 96 6.

     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Effective date -- Severability -- 1989 1st ex.s. c 9: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.910">43.70.910 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=43.70.920">43.70.920.

Effect of entry of a decree of dissolution of marriage or a declaration of invalidity or certification of termination of a state registered domestic partnership on nonprobate assets: RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=11.07.010">11.07.010.




26.09.160
Failure to comply with decree or temporary injunction Obligation to make support or maintenance payments or permit contact with children not suspended Penalties.

(1) The performance of parental functions and the duty to provide child support are distinct responsibilities in the care of a child. If a party fails to comply with a provision of a decree or temporary order of injunction, the obligation of the other party to make payments for support or maintenance or to permit contact with children is not suspended. An attempt by a parent, in either the negotiation or the performance of a parenting plan, to condition one aspect of the parenting plan upon another, to condition payment of child support upon an aspect of the parenting plan, to refuse to pay ordered child support, to refuse to perform the duties provided in the parenting plan, or to hinder the performance by the other parent of duties provided in the parenting plan, shall be deemed bad faith and shall be punished by the court by holding the party in contempt of court and by awarding to the aggrieved party reasonable attorneys' fees and costs incidental in bringing a motion for contempt of court.

(2)(a) A motion may be filed to initiate a contempt action to coerce a parent to comply with an order establishing residential provisions for a child. If the court finds there is reasonable cause to believe the parent has not complied with the order, the court may issue an order to show cause why the relief requested should not be granted.

(b) If, based on all the facts and circumstances, the court finds after hearing that the parent, in bad faith, has not complied with the order establishing residential provisions for the child, the court shall find the parent in contempt of court. Upon a finding of contempt, the court shall order:

(i) The noncomplying parent to provide the moving party additional time with the child. The additional time shall be equal to the time missed with the child, due to the parent's noncompliance;

(ii) The parent to pay, to the moving party, all court costs and reasonable attorneys' fees incurred as a result of the noncompliance, and any reasonable expenses incurred in locating or returning a child; and

(iii) The parent to pay, to the moving party, a civil penalty, not less than the sum of one hundred dollars.

The court may also order the parent to be imprisoned in the county jail, if the parent is presently able to comply with the provisions of the court-ordered parenting plan and is presently unwilling to comply. The parent may be imprisoned until he or she agrees to comply with the order, but in no event for more than one hundred eighty days.

(3) On a second failure within three years to comply with a residential provision of a court-ordered parenting plan, a motion may be filed to initiate contempt of court proceedings according to the procedure set forth in subsection (2)(a) and (b) of this section. On a finding of contempt under this subsection, the court shall order:

(a) The noncomplying parent to provide the other parent or party additional time with the child. The additional time shall be twice the amount of the time missed with the child, due to the parent's noncompliance;

(b) The noncomplying parent to pay, to the other parent or party, all court costs and reasonable attorneys' fees incurred as a result of the noncompliance, and any reasonable expenses incurred in locating or returning a child; and

(c) The noncomplying parent to pay, to the moving party, a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars.

The court may also order the parent to be imprisoned in the county jail, if the parent is presently able to comply with the provisions of the court-ordered parenting plan and is presently unwilling to comply. The parent may be imprisoned until he or she agrees to comply with the order but in no event for more than one hundred eighty days.

(4) For purposes of subsections (1), (2), and (3) of this section, the parent shall be deemed to have the present ability to comply with the order establishing residential provisions unless he or she establishes otherwise by a preponderance of the evidence. The parent shall establish a reasonable excuse for failure to comply with the residential provision of a court-ordered parenting plan by a preponderance of the evidence.

(5) Any monetary award ordered under subsections (1), (2), and (3) of this section may be enforced, by the party to whom it is awarded, in the same manner as a civil judgment.

(6) Subsections (1), (2), and (3) of this section authorize the exercise of the court's power to impose remedial sanctions for contempt of court and is in addition to any other contempt power the court may possess.

(7) Upon motion for contempt of court under subsections (1) through (3) of this section, if the court finds the motion was brought without reasonable basis, the court shall order the moving party to pay to the nonmoving party, all costs, reasonable attorneys' fees, and a civil penalty of not less than one hundred dollars.

[1991 c 367 4; 1989 c 318 1; 1987 c 460 12; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 16.]

Notes:
     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 c 367: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.015">26.09.015.

     Severability -- 1989 c 318: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1989 c 318 6.]




26.09.165
Court orders Required language.

All court orders containing parenting plan provisions or orders of contempt, entered pursuant to RCW &"#26.09.160">26.09.160, shall include the following language:


WARNING: VIOLATION OF THE RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS OF THIS ORDER WITH ACTUAL KNOWLEDGE OF ITS TERMS IS PUNISHABLE BY CONTEMPT OF COURT, AND MAY BE A CRIMINAL OFFENSE UNDER RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.060">9A.40.060(2) or &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.070">9A.40.070(2). VIOLATION OF THIS ORDER MAY SUBJECT A VIOLATOR TO ARREST.

[1994 c 162 2; 1989 c 318 4.]

Notes:
     Severability -- 1989 c 318: See note following RCW &"#26.09.160">26.09.160.




26.09.170
Modification of decree for maintenance or support, property disposition Termination of maintenance obligation and child support Grounds.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (7) of RCW &"#26.09.070">26.09.070, the provisions of any decree respecting maintenance or support may be modified: (a) Only as to installments accruing subsequent to the petition for modification or motion for adjustment except motions to compel court-ordered adjustments, which shall be effective as of the first date specified in the decree for implementing the adjustment; and, (b) except as otherwise provided in subsections (5), (6), (9), and (10) of this section, only upon a showing of a substantial change of circumstances. The provisions as to property disposition may not be revoked or modified, unless the court finds the existence of conditions that justify the reopening of a judgment under the laws of this state.

(2) Unless otherwise agreed in writing or expressly provided in the decree the obligation to pay future maintenance is terminated upon the death of either party or the remarriage of the party receiving maintenance or registration of a new domestic partnership of the party receiving maintenance.

(3) Unless otherwise agreed in writing or expressly provided in the decree, provisions for the support of a child are terminated by emancipation of the child or by the death of the parent obligated to support the child.

(4) Unless expressly provided by an order of the superior court or a court of comparable jurisdiction, the support provisions of the order are terminated upon the marriage or registration of a domestic partnership to each other of parties to a paternity order, or upon remarriage or registration of a domestic partnership to each other of parties to a decree of dissolution. The remaining provisions of the order, including provisions establishing paternity, remain in effect.

(5) An order of child support may be modified one year or more after it has been entered without showing a substantial change of circumstances:

(a) If the order in practice works a severe economic hardship on either party or the child;

(b) If a party requests an adjustment in an order for child support which was based on guidelines which determined the amount of support according to the child's age, and the child is no longer in the age category on which the current support amount was based;

(c) If a child is still in high school, upon a finding that there is a need to extend support beyond the eighteenth birthday to complete high school; or

(d) To add an automatic adjustment of support provision consistent with RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.

(6) An order or decree entered prior to June 7, 1984, may be modified without showing a substantial change of circumstances if the requested modification is to:

(a) Require health insurance coverage for a child named therein; or

(b) Modify an existing order for health insurance coverage.

(7) An obligor's voluntary unemployment or voluntary underemployment, by itself, is not a substantial change of circumstances.

(8) The department of social and health services may file an action to modify an order of child support if public assistance money is being paid to or for the benefit of the child and the child support order is twenty-five percent or more below the appropriate child support amount set forth in the standard calculation as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19.011">26.19.011 and reasons for the deviation are not set forth in the findings of fact or order. The determination of twenty-five percent or more shall be based on the current income of the parties and the department shall not be required to show a substantial change of circumstances if the reasons for the deviations were not set forth in the findings of fact or order.

(9)(a) All child support decrees may be adjusted once every twenty-four months based upon changes in the income of the parents without a showing of substantially changed circumstances. Either party may initiate the adjustment by filing a motion and child support worksheets.

(b) A party may petition for modification in cases of substantially changed circumstances under subsection (1) of this section at any time. However, if relief is granted under subsection (1) of this section, twenty-four months must pass before a motion for an adjustment under (a) of this subsection may be filed.

(c) If, pursuant to (a) of this subsection or subsection (10) of this section, the court adjusts or modifies a child support obligation by more than thirty percent and the change would cause significant hardship, the court may implement the change in two equal increments, one at the time of the entry of the order and the second six months from the entry of the order. Twenty-four months must pass following the second change before a motion for an adjustment under (a) of this subsection may be filed.

(d) A parent who is receiving transfer payments who receives a wage or salary increase may not bring a modification action pursuant to subsection (1) of this section alleging that increase constitutes a substantial change of circumstances.

(e) The department of social and health services may file an action at any time to modify an order of child support in cases of substantially changed circumstances if public assistance money is being paid to or for the benefit of the child. The determination of the existence of substantially changed circumstances by the department that lead to the filing of an action to modify the order of child support is not binding upon the court.

(10) An order of child support may be adjusted twenty-four months from the date of the entry of the decree or the last adjustment or modification, whichever is later, based upon changes in the economic table or standards in chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19">26.19 RCW.

[2008 c 6 1017; 2002 c 199 1; 1997 c 58 910; 1992 c 229 2; 1991 sp.s. c 28 2; 1990 1st ex.s. c 2 2; 1989 c 416 3; 1988 c 275 17; 1987 c 430 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 17.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Short title -- Part headings, captions, table of contents not law -- Exemptions and waivers from federal law -- Conflict with federal requirements -- Severability -- 1997 c 58: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.08A.900">74.08A.900 through &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.08A.904">74.08A.904.

     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 sp.s. c 28: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.

     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.

     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1988 c 275: See notes following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19.001">26.19.001.

     Severability -- 1987 c 430: "If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected." [1987 c 430 4.]




26.09.173
Modification of child support order Child support order summary report.

The party seeking the establishment or modification of a child support order shall file with the clerk of the court the child support order summary report. The summary report shall be on the form developed by the administrator for the courts pursuant to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.18.210">26.18.210. The party must complete the form and file the form with the court order. The clerk of the court must forward the form to the division of child support on at least a monthly basis.

[2007 c 313 2; 1990 1st ex.s. c 2 23.]

Notes:
     Findings -- 2007 c 313: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19.025">26.19.025.

     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.




26.09.175
Modification of order of child support.

(1) A proceeding for the modification of an order of child support shall commence with the filing of a petition and worksheets. The petition shall be in the form prescribed by the administrator for the courts. There shall be a fee of twenty dollars for the filing of a petition for modification of dissolution.

(2) The petitioner shall serve upon the other party the summons, a copy of the petition, and the worksheets in the form prescribed by the administrator for the courts. If the modification proceeding is the first action filed in this state, service shall be made by personal service. If the decree to be modified was entered in this state, service shall be by personal service or by any form of mail requiring a return receipt. If the support obligation has been assigned to the state pursuant to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.20.330">74.20.330
or the state has a subrogated interest under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=74.20A.030">74.20A.030, the summons, petition, and worksheets shall also be served on the attorney general; except that notice shall be given to the office of the prosecuting attorney for the county in which the action is filed in lieu of the office of the attorney general in those counties and in the types of cases as designated by the office of the attorney general by letter sent to the presiding superior court judge of that county. Proof of service shall be filed with the court.

(3) The responding party's answer and worksheets shall be served and the answer filed within twenty days after service of the petition or sixty days if served out of state. The responding party's failure to file an answer within the time required shall result in entry of a default judgment for the petitioner.

(4) At any time after responsive pleadings are filed, either party may schedule the matter for hearing.

(5) Unless both parties stipulate to arbitration or the presiding judge authorizes oral testimony pursuant to subsection (6) of this section, a petition for modification of an order of child support shall be heard by the court on affidavits, the petition, answer, and worksheets only.

(6) A party seeking authority to present oral testimony on the petition to modify a support order shall file an appropriate motion not later than ten days after the time of notice of hearing. Affidavits and exhibits setting forth the reasons oral testimony is necessary to a just adjudication of the issues shall accompany the petition. The affidavits and exhibits must demonstrate the extraordinary features of the case. Factors which may be considered include, but are not limited to: (a) Substantial questions of credibility on a major issue; (b) insufficient or inconsistent discovery materials not correctable by further discovery; or (c) particularly complex circumstances requiring expert testimony.

[2002 c 199 2; 1992 c 229 3; 1991 c 367 6; 1990 1st ex.s. c 2 3; 1987 c 430 2.]

Notes:
     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 c 367: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.015">26.09.015.

     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.

     Severability -- 1987 c 430: See note following RCW &"#26.09.170">26.09.170.




26.09.181
Procedure for determining permanent parenting plan.

(1) SUBMISSION OF PROPOSED PLANS. (a) In any proceeding under this chapter, except a modification, each party shall file and serve a proposed permanent parenting plan on or before the earliest date of:

(i) Thirty days after filing and service by either party of a notice for trial; or

(ii) One hundred eighty days after commencement of the action which one hundred eighty day period may be extended by stipulation of the parties.

(b) In proceedings for a modification of custody or a parenting plan, a proposed parenting plan shall be filed and served with the motion for modification and with the response to the motion for modification.

(c) No proposed permanent parenting plan shall be required after filing of an agreed permanent parenting plan, after entry of a final decree, or after dismissal of the cause of action.

(d) A party who files a proposed parenting plan in compliance with this section may move the court for an order of default adopting that party's parenting plan if the other party has failed to file a proposed parenting plan as required in this section.

(2) AMENDING PROPOSED PARENTING PLANS. Either party may file and serve an amended proposed permanent parenting plan according to the rules for amending pleadings.

(3) GOOD FAITH PROPOSAL. The parent submitting a proposed parenting plan shall attach a verified statement that the plan is proposed by that parent in good faith.

(4) AGREED PERMANENT PARENTING PLANS. The parents may make an agreed permanent parenting plan.

(5) MANDATORY SETTLEMENT CONFERENCE. Where mandatory settlement conferences are provided under court rule, the parents shall attend a mandatory settlement conference. The mandatory settlement conference shall be presided over by a judge or a court commissioner, who shall apply the criteria in RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187
and &"#26.09.191">26.09.191. The parents shall in good faith review the proposed terms of the parenting plans and any other issues relevant to the cause of action with the presiding judge or court commissioner. Facts and legal issues that are not then in dispute shall be entered as stipulations for purposes of final hearing or trial in the matter.

(6) TRIAL SETTING. Trial dates for actions involving minor children brought under this chapter shall receive priority.

(7) ENTRY OF FINAL ORDER. The final order or decree shall be entered not sooner than ninety days after filing and service.

This subsection does not apply to decrees of legal separation.

[1989 2nd ex.s. c 2 1; 1989 c 375 8; 1987 c 460 7.]




26.09.182
Permanent parenting plan Determination of relevant information.

Before entering a permanent parenting plan, the court shall determine the existence of any information and proceedings relevant to the placement of the child that are available in the judicial information system and databases.

[2007 c 496 304.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.




26.09.184
Permanent parenting plan.

(1) OBJECTIVES. The objectives of the permanent parenting plan are to:

(a) Provide for the child's physical care;

(b) Maintain the child's emotional stability;

(c) Provide for the child's changing needs as the child grows and matures, in a way that minimizes the need for future modifications to the permanent parenting plan;

(d) Set forth the authority and responsibilities of each parent with respect to the child, consistent with the criteria in RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187
and &"#26.09.191">26.09.191;

(e) Minimize the child's exposure to harmful parental conflict;

(f) Encourage the parents, where appropriate under RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187 and &"#26.09.191">26.09.191, to meet their responsibilities to their minor children through agreements in the permanent parenting plan, rather than by relying on judicial intervention; and

(g) To otherwise protect the best interests of the child consistent with RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.

(2) CONTENTS OF THE PERMANENT PARENTING PLAN. The permanent parenting plan shall contain provisions for resolution of future disputes between the parents, allocation of decision-making authority, and residential provisions for the child.

(3) CONSIDERATION IN ESTABLISHING THE PERMANENT PARENTING PLAN. In establishing a permanent parenting plan, the court may consider the cultural heritage and religious beliefs of a child.

(4) DISPUTE RESOLUTION. A process for resolving disputes, other than court action, shall be provided unless precluded or limited by RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187 or &"#26.09.191">26.09.191. A dispute resolution process may include counseling, mediation, or arbitration by a specified individual or agency, or court action. In the dispute resolution process:

(a) Preference shall be given to carrying out the parenting plan;

(b) The parents shall use the designated process to resolve disputes relating to implementation of the plan, except those related to financial support, unless an emergency exists;

(c) A written record shall be prepared of any agreement reached in counseling or mediation and of each arbitration award and shall be provided to each party;

(d) If the court finds that a parent has used or frustrated the dispute resolution process without good reason, the court shall award attorneys' fees and financial sanctions to the prevailing parent;

(e) The parties have the right of review from the dispute resolution process to the superior court; and

(f) The provisions of (a) through (e) of this subsection shall be set forth in the decree.

(5) ALLOCATION OF DECISION-MAKING AUTHORITY.

(a) The plan shall allocate decision-making authority to one or both parties regarding the children's education, health care, and religious upbringing. The parties may incorporate an agreement related to the care and growth of the child in these specified areas, or in other areas, into their plan, consistent with the criteria in RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187 and &"#26.09.191">26.09.191. Regardless of the allocation of decision-making in the parenting plan, either parent may make emergency decisions affecting the health or safety of the child.

(b) Each parent may make decisions regarding the day-to-day care and control of the child while the child is residing with that parent.

(c) When mutual decision making is designated but cannot be achieved, the parties shall make a good-faith effort to resolve the issue through the dispute resolution process.

(6) RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS FOR THE CHILD. The plan shall include a residential schedule which designates in which parent's home each minor child shall reside on given days of the year, including provision for holidays, birthdays of family members, vacations, and other special occasions, consistent with the criteria in RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187 and &"#26.09.191">26.09.191.

(7) PARENTS' OBLIGATION UNAFFECTED. If a parent fails to comply with a provision of a parenting plan or a child support order, the other parent's obligations under the parenting plan or the child support order are not affected. Failure to comply with a provision in a parenting plan or a child support order may result in a finding of contempt of court, under RCW &"#26.09.160">26.09.160.

(8) PROVISIONS TO BE SET FORTH IN PERMANENT PARENTING PLAN. The permanent parenting plan shall set forth the provisions of subsections (4)(a) through (c), (5)(b) and (c), and (7) of this section.

[2007 c 496 601; 1991 c 367 7; 1989 c 375 9; 1987 c 460 8.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.

     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 c 367:See notes following RCW &"#26.09.015">26.09.015.

Custody, designation of for purposes of other statutes: RCW &"#26.09.285">26.09.285.

Failure to comply with decree or temporary injunction -- Obligations not suspended: RCW &"#26.09.160">26.09.160.




26.09.187
Criteria for establishing permanent parenting plan.

(1) DISPUTE RESOLUTION PROCESS. The court shall not order a dispute resolution process, except court action, when it finds that any limiting factor under RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191 applies, or when it finds that either parent is unable to afford the cost of the proposed dispute resolution process. If a dispute resolution process is not precluded or limited, then in designating such a process the court shall consider all relevant factors, including:

(a) Differences between the parents that would substantially inhibit their effective participation in any designated process;

(b) The parents' wishes or agreements and, if the parents have entered into agreements, whether the agreements were made knowingly and voluntarily; and

(c) Differences in the parents' financial circumstances that may affect their ability to participate fully in a given dispute resolution process.

(2) ALLOCATION OF DECISION-MAKING AUTHORITY.

(a) AGREEMENTS BETWEEN THE PARTIES. The court shall approve agreements of the parties allocating decision-making authority, or specifying rules in the areas listed in RCW &"#26.09.184">26.09.184(5)(a), when it finds that:

(i) The agreement is consistent with any limitations on a parent's decision-making authority mandated by RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191; and

(ii) The agreement is knowing and voluntary.

(b) SOLE DECISION-MAKING AUTHORITY. The court shall order sole decision-making to one parent when it finds that:

(i) A limitation on the other parent's decision-making authority is mandated by RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191;

(ii) Both parents are opposed to mutual decision making;

(iii) One parent is opposed to mutual decision making, and such opposition is reasonable based on the criteria in (c) of this subsection.

(c) MUTUAL DECISION-MAKING AUTHORITY. Except as provided in (a) and (b) of this subsection, the court shall consider the following criteria in allocating decision-making authority:

(i) The existence of a limitation under RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191;

(ii) The history of participation of each parent in decision making in each of the areas in RCW &"#26.09.184">26.09.184(5)(a);

(iii) Whether the parents have a demonstrated ability and desire to cooperate with one another in decision making in each of the areas in RCW &"#26.09.184">26.09.184(5)(a); and

(iv) The parents' geographic proximity to one another, to the extent that it affects their ability to make timely mutual decisions.

(3) RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS.

(a) The court shall make residential provisions for each child which encourage each parent to maintain a loving, stable, and nurturing relationship with the child, consistent with the child's developmental level and the family's social and economic circumstances. The child's residential schedule shall be consistent with RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191. Where the limitations of RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191 are not dispositive of the child's residential schedule, the court shall consider the following factors:

(i) The relative strength, nature, and stability of the child's relationship with each parent;

(ii) The agreements of the parties, provided they were entered into knowingly and voluntarily;

(iii) Each parent's past and potential for future performance of parenting functions as defined in *RCW &"#26.09.004">26.09.004(3), including whether a parent has taken greater responsibility for performing parenting functions relating to the daily needs of the child;

(iv) The emotional needs and developmental level of the child;

(v) The child's relationship with siblings and with other significant adults, as well as the child's involvement with his or her physical surroundings, school, or other significant activities;

(vi) The wishes of the parents and the wishes of a child who is sufficiently mature to express reasoned and independent preferences as to his or her residential schedule; and

(vii) Each parent's employment schedule, and shall make accommodations consistent with those schedules.

Factor (i) shall be given the greatest weight.

(b) Where the limitations of RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191 are not dispositive, the court may order that a child frequently alternate his or her residence between the households of the parents for brief and substantially equal intervals of time if such provision is in the best interests of the child. In determining whether such an arrangement is in the best interests of the child, the court may consider the parties geographic proximity to the extent necessary to ensure the ability to share performance of the parenting functions.

(c) For any child, residential provisions may contain any reasonable terms or conditions that facilitate the orderly and meaningful exercise of residential time by a parent, including but not limited to requirements of reasonable notice when residential time will not occur.

[2007 c 496 603; 1989 c 375 10; 1987 c 460 9.]

Notes:
     *Reviser's note: RCW &"#26.09.004">26.09.004 was alphabetized pursuant to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=1.08.015">1.08.015(2)(k), changing subsection (3) to subsection (2).

     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.

Custody, designation of for purposes of other statutes: RCW &"#26.09.285">26.09.285.




26.09.191
Restrictions in temporary or permanent parenting plans.

(1) The permanent parenting plan shall not require mutual decision-making or designation of a dispute resolution process other than court action if it is found that a parent has engaged in any of the following conduct: (a) Willful abandonment that continues for an extended period of time or substantial refusal to perform parenting functions; (b) physical, sexual, or a pattern of emotional abuse of a child; or (c) a history of acts of domestic violence as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.010">26.50.010(1) or an assault or sexual assault which causes grievous bodily harm or the fear of such harm.

(2)(a) The parent's residential time with the child shall be limited if it is found that the parent has engaged in any of the following conduct: (i) Willful abandonment that continues for an extended period of time or substantial refusal to perform parenting functions; (ii) physical, sexual, or a pattern of emotional abuse of a child; (iii) a history of acts of domestic violence as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.010">26.50.010(1) or an assault or sexual assault which causes grievous bodily harm or the fear of such harm; or (iv) the parent has been convicted as an adult of a sex offense under:

(A) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.076">9A.44.076 if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (d) of this subsection;

(B) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.079">9A.44.079 if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (d) of this subsection;

(C) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.086">9A.44.086 if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (d) of this subsection;

(D) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.089">9A.44.089;

(E) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.093">9A.44.093;

(F) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.096">9A.44.096;

(G) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.64.020">9A.64.020 (1) or (2) if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (d) of this subsection;

(H) Chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.68A">9.68A RCW;

(I) Any predecessor or antecedent statute for the offenses listed in (a)(iv)(A) through (H) of this subsection;

(J) Any statute from any other jurisdiction that describes an offense analogous to the offenses listed in (a)(iv)(A) through (H) of this subsection.

This subsection (2)(a) shall not apply when (c) or (d) of this subsection applies.

(b) The parent's residential time with the child shall be limited if it is found that the parent resides with a person who has engaged in any of the following conduct: (i) Physical, sexual, or a pattern of emotional abuse of a child; (ii) a history of acts of domestic violence as defined in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.010">26.50.010(1) or an assault or sexual assault that causes grievous bodily harm or the fear of such harm; or (iii) the person has been convicted as an adult or as a juvenile has been adjudicated of a sex offense under:

(A) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.076">9A.44.076 if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (e) of this subsection;

(B) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.079">9A.44.079 if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (e) of this subsection;

(C) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.086">9A.44.086 if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (e) of this subsection;

(D) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.089">9A.44.089;

(E) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.093">9A.44.093;

(F) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.096">9A.44.096;

(G) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.64.020">9A.64.020 (1) or (2) if, because of the difference in age between the offender and the victim, no rebuttable presumption exists under (e) of this subsection;

(H) Chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.68A">9.68A RCW;

(I) Any predecessor or antecedent statute for the offenses listed in (b)(iii)(A) through (H) of this subsection;

(J) Any statute from any other jurisdiction that describes an offense analogous to the offenses listed in (b)(iii)(A) through (H) of this subsection.

This subsection (2)(b) shall not apply when (c) or (e) of this subsection applies.

(c) If a parent has been found to be a sexual predator under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=71.09">71.09 RCW or under an analogous statute of any other jurisdiction, the court shall restrain the parent from contact with a child that would otherwise be allowed under this chapter. If a parent resides with an adult or a juvenile who has been found to be a sexual predator under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=71.09">71.09 RCW or under an analogous statute of any other jurisdiction, the court shall restrain the parent from contact with the parent's child except contact that occurs outside that person's presence.

(d) There is a rebuttable presumption that a parent who has been convicted as an adult of a sex offense listed in (d)(i) through (ix) of this subsection poses a present danger to a child. Unless the parent rebuts this presumption, the court shall restrain the parent from contact with a child that would otherwise be allowed under this chapter:

(i) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.64.020">9A.64.020 (1) or (2), provided that the person convicted was at least five years older than the other person;

(ii) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.073">9A.44.073;

(iii) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.076">9A.44.076, provided that the person convicted was at least eight years older than the victim;

(iv) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.079">9A.44.079, provided that the person convicted was at least eight years older than the victim;

(v) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.083">9A.44.083;

(vi) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.086">9A.44.086, provided that the person convicted was at least eight years older than the victim;

(vii) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.100">9A.44.100;

(viii) Any predecessor or antecedent statute for the offenses listed in (d)(i) through (vii) of this subsection;

(ix) Any statute from any other jurisdiction that describes an offense analogous to the offenses listed in (d)(i) through (vii) of this subsection.

(e) There is a rebuttable presumption that a parent who resides with a person who, as an adult, has been convicted, or as a juvenile has been adjudicated, of the sex offenses listed in (e)(i) through (ix) of this subsection places a child at risk of abuse or harm when that parent exercises residential time in the presence of the convicted or adjudicated person. Unless the parent rebuts the presumption, the court shall restrain the parent from contact with the parent's child except for contact that occurs outside of the convicted or adjudicated person's presence:

(i) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.64.020">9A.64.020 (1) or (2), provided that the person convicted was at least five years older than the other person;

(ii) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.073">9A.44.073;

(iii) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.076">9A.44.076, provided that the person convicted was at least eight years older than the victim;

(iv) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.079">9A.44.079, provided that the person convicted was at least eight years older than the victim;

(v) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.083">9A.44.083;

(vi) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.086">9A.44.086, provided that the person convicted was at least eight years older than the victim;

(vii) RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44.100">9A.44.100;

(viii) Any predecessor or antecedent statute for the offenses listed in (e)(i) through (vii) of this subsection;

(ix) Any statute from any other jurisdiction that describes an offense analogous to the offenses listed in (e)(i) through (vii) of this subsection.

(f) The presumption established in (d) of this subsection may be rebutted only after a written finding that:

(i) If the child was not the victim of the sex offense committed by the parent requesting residential time, (A) contact between the child and the offending parent is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child, and (B) the offending parent has successfully engaged in treatment for sex offenders or is engaged in and making progress in such treatment, if any was ordered by a court, and the treatment provider believes such contact is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child; or

(ii) If the child was the victim of the sex offense committed by the parent requesting residential time, (A) contact between the child and the offending parent is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child, (B) if the child is in or has been in therapy for victims of sexual abuse, the child's counselor believes such contact between the child and the offending parent is in the child's best interest, and (C) the offending parent has successfully engaged in treatment for sex offenders or is engaged in and making progress in such treatment, if any was ordered by a court, and the treatment provider believes such contact is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child.

(g) The presumption established in (e) of this subsection may be rebutted only after a written finding that:

(i) If the child was not the victim of the sex offense committed by the person who is residing with the parent requesting residential time, (A) contact between the child and the parent residing with the convicted or adjudicated person is appropriate and that parent is able to protect the child in the presence of the convicted or adjudicated person, and (B) the convicted or adjudicated person has successfully engaged in treatment for sex offenders or is engaged in and making progress in such treatment, if any was ordered by a court, and the treatment provider believes such contact is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child; or

(ii) If the child was the victim of the sex offense committed by the person who is residing with the parent requesting residential time, (A) contact between the child and the parent in the presence of the convicted or adjudicated person is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child, (B) if the child is in or has been in therapy for victims of sexual abuse, the child's counselor believes such contact between the child and the parent residing with the convicted or adjudicated person in the presence of the convicted or adjudicated person is in the child's best interest, and (C) the convicted or adjudicated person has successfully engaged in treatment for sex offenders or is engaged in and making progress in such treatment, if any was ordered by a court, and the treatment provider believes contact between the parent and child in the presence of the convicted or adjudicated person is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child.

(h) If the court finds that the parent has met the burden of rebutting the presumption under (f) of this subsection, the court may allow a parent who has been convicted as an adult of a sex offense listed in (d)(i) through (ix) of this subsection to have residential time with the child supervised by a neutral and independent adult and pursuant to an adequate plan for supervision of such residential time. The court shall not approve of a supervisor for contact between the child and the parent unless the court finds, based on the evidence, that the supervisor is willing and capable of protecting the child from harm. The court shall revoke court approval of the supervisor upon finding, based on the evidence, that the supervisor has failed to protect the child or is no longer willing or capable of protecting the child.

(i) If the court finds that the parent has met the burden of rebutting the presumption under (g) of this subsection, the court may allow a parent residing with a person who has been adjudicated as a juvenile of a sex offense listed in (e)(i) through (ix) of this subsection to have residential time with the child in the presence of the person adjudicated as a juvenile, supervised by a neutral and independent adult and pursuant to an adequate plan for supervision of such residential time. The court shall not approve of a supervisor for contact between the child and the parent unless the court finds, based on the evidence, that the supervisor is willing and capable of protecting the child from harm. The court shall revoke court approval of the supervisor upon finding, based on the evidence, that the supervisor has failed to protect the child or is no longer willing or capable of protecting the child.

(j) If the court finds that the parent has met the burden of rebutting the presumption under (g) of this subsection, the court may allow a parent residing with a person who, as an adult, has been convicted of a sex offense listed in (e)(i) through (ix) of this subsection to have residential time with the child in the presence of the convicted person supervised by a neutral and independent adult and pursuant to an adequate plan for supervision of such residential time. The court shall not approve of a supervisor for contact between the child and the parent unless the court finds, based on the evidence, that the supervisor is willing and capable of protecting the child from harm. The court shall revoke court approval of the supervisor upon finding, based on the evidence, that the supervisor has failed to protect the child or is no longer willing or capable of protecting the child.

(k) A court shall not order unsupervised contact between the offending parent and a child of the offending parent who was sexually abused by that parent. A court may order unsupervised contact between the offending parent and a child who was not sexually abused by the parent after the presumption under (d) of this subsection has been rebutted and supervised residential time has occurred for at least two years with no further arrests or convictions of sex offenses involving children under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44">9A.44 RCW, RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.64.020">9A.64.020, or chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.68A">9.68A RCW and (i) the sex offense of the offending parent was not committed against a child of the offending parent, and (ii) the court finds that unsupervised contact between the child and the offending parent is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child, after consideration of the testimony of a state-certified therapist, mental health counselor, or social worker with expertise in treating child sexual abuse victims who has supervised at least one period of residential time between the parent and the child, and after consideration of evidence of the offending parent's compliance with community supervision requirements, if any. If the offending parent was not ordered by a court to participate in treatment for sex offenders, then the parent shall obtain a psychosexual evaluation conducted by a certified sex offender treatment provider or a certified affiliate sex offender treatment provider indicating that the offender has the lowest likelihood of risk to reoffend before the court grants unsupervised contact between the parent and a child.

(l) A court may order unsupervised contact between the parent and a child which may occur in the presence of a juvenile adjudicated of a sex offense listed in (e)(i) through (ix) of this subsection who resides with the parent after the presumption under (e) of this subsection has been rebutted and supervised residential time has occurred for at least two years during which time the adjudicated juvenile has had no further arrests, adjudications, or convictions of sex offenses involving children under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.44">9A.44 RCW, RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.64.020">9A.64.020, or chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9.68A">9.68A RCW, and (i) the court finds that unsupervised contact between the child and the parent that may occur in the presence of the adjudicated juvenile is appropriate and poses minimal risk to the child, after consideration of the testimony of a state-certified therapist, mental health counselor, or social worker with expertise in treatment of child sexual abuse victims who has supervised at least one period of residential time between the parent and the child in the presence of the adjudicated juvenile, and after consideration of evidence of the adjudicated juvenile's compliance with community supervision or parole requirements, if any. If the adjudicated juvenile was not ordered by a court to participate in treatment for sex offenders, then the adjudicated juvenile shall obtain a psychosexual evaluation conducted by a certified sex offender treatment provider or a certified affiliate sex offender treatment provider indicating that the adjudicated juvenile has the lowest likelihood of risk to reoffend before the court grants unsupervised contact between the parent and a child which may occur in the presence of the adjudicated juvenile who is residing with the parent.

(m)(i) The limitations imposed by the court under (a) or (b) of this subsection shall be reasonably calculated to protect the child from the physical, sexual, or emotional abuse or harm that could result if the child has contact with the parent requesting residential time. The limitations shall also be reasonably calculated to provide for the safety of the parent who may be at risk of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse or harm that could result if the parent has contact with the parent requesting residential time. The limitations the court may impose include, but are not limited to: Supervised contact between the child and the parent or completion of relevant counseling or treatment. If the court expressly finds based on the evidence that limitations on the residential time with the child will not adequately protect the child from the harm or abuse that could result if the child has contact with the parent requesting residential time, the court shall restrain the parent requesting residential time from all contact with the child.

(ii) The court shall not enter an order under (a) of this subsection allowing a parent to have contact with a child if the parent has been found by clear and convincing evidence in a civil action or by a preponderance of the evidence in a dependency action to have sexually abused the child, except upon recommendation by an evaluator or therapist for the child that the child is ready for contact with the parent and will not be harmed by the contact. The court shall not enter an order allowing a parent to have contact with the child in the offender's presence if the parent resides with a person who has been found by clear and convincing evidence in a civil action or by a preponderance of the evidence in a dependency action to have sexually abused a child, unless the court finds that the parent accepts that the person engaged in the harmful conduct and the parent is willing to and capable of protecting the child from harm from the person.

(iii) If the court limits residential time under (a) or (b) of this subsection to require supervised contact between the child and the parent, the court shall not approve of a supervisor for contact between a child and a parent who has engaged in physical, sexual, or a pattern of emotional abuse of the child unless the court finds based upon the evidence that the supervisor accepts that the harmful conduct occurred and is willing to and capable of protecting the child from harm. The court shall revoke court approval of the supervisor upon finding, based on the evidence, that the supervisor has failed to protect the child or is no longer willing to or capable of protecting the child.

(n) If the court expressly finds based on the evidence that contact between the parent and the child will not cause physical, sexual, or emotional abuse or harm to the child and that the probability that the parent's or other person's harmful or abusive conduct will recur is so remote that it would not be in the child's best interests to apply the limitations of (a), (b), and (m)(i) and (iii) of this subsection, or if the court expressly finds that the parent's conduct did not have an impact on the child, then the court need not apply the limitations of (a), (b), and (m)(i) and (iii) of this subsection. The weight given to the existence of a protection order issued under chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50">26.50 RCW as to domestic violence is within the discretion of the court. This subsection shall not apply when (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (l), and (m)(ii) of this subsection apply.

(3) A parent's involvement or conduct may have an adverse effect on the child's best interests, and the court may preclude or limit any provisions of the parenting plan, if any of the following factors exist:

(a) A parent's neglect or substantial nonperformance of parenting functions;

(b) A long-term emotional or physical impairment which interferes with the parent's performance of parenting functions as defined in RCW &"#26.09.004">26.09.004;

(c) A long-term impairment resulting from drug, alcohol, or other substance abuse that interferes with the performance of parenting functions;

(d) The absence or substantial impairment of emotional ties between the parent and the child;

(e) The abusive use of conflict by the parent which creates the danger of serious damage to the child's psychological development;

(f) A parent has withheld from the other parent access to the child for a protracted period without good cause; or

(g) Such other factors or conduct as the court expressly finds adverse to the best interests of the child.

(4) In cases involving allegations of limiting factors under subsection (2)(a)(ii) and (iii) of this section, both parties shall be screened to determine the appropriateness of a comprehensive assessment regarding the impact of the limiting factor on the child and the parties.

(5) In entering a permanent parenting plan, the court shall not draw any presumptions from the provisions of the temporary parenting plan.

(6) In determining whether any of the conduct described in this section has occurred, the court shall apply the civil rules of evidence, proof, and procedure.

(7) For the purposes of this section, a parent's child means that parent's natural child, adopted child, or stepchild.

[2007 c 496 303; 2004 c 38 12; 1996 c 303 1; 1994 c 267 1. Prior: 1989 c 375 11; 1989 c 326 1; 1987 c 460 10.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.

     Effective date -- 2004 c 38: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=18.155.075">18.155.075.

     Effective date -- 1996 c 303: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect immediately [March 30, 1996]." [1996 c 303 3.]

     Effective date -- 1994 c 267: "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [April 1, 1994]." [1994 c 267 6.]




26.09.194
Proposed temporary parenting plan Temporary order Amendment Vacation of order.

(1) A parent seeking a temporary order relating to parenting shall file and serve a proposed temporary parenting plan by motion. The other parent, if contesting the proposed temporary parenting plan, shall file and serve a responsive proposed parenting plan. Either parent may move to have a proposed temporary parenting plan entered as part of a temporary order. The parents may enter an agreed temporary parenting plan at any time as part of a temporary order. The proposed temporary parenting plan may be supported by relevant evidence and shall be accompanied by an affidavit or declaration which shall state at a minimum the following:

(a) The name, address, and length of residence with the person or persons with whom the child has lived for the preceding twelve months;

(b) The performance by each parent during the last twelve months of the parenting functions relating to the daily needs of the child;

(c) The parents' work and child-care schedules for the preceding twelve months;

(d) The parents' current work and child-care schedules; and

(e) Any of the circumstances set forth in RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191
that are likely to pose a serious risk to the child and that warrant limitation on the award to a parent of temporary residence or time with the child pending entry of a permanent parenting plan.

(2) At the hearing, the court shall enter a temporary parenting order incorporating a temporary parenting plan which includes:

(a) A schedule for the child's time with each parent when appropriate;

(b) Designation of a temporary residence for the child;

(c) Allocation of decision-making authority, if any. Absent allocation of decision-making authority consistent with RCW &"#26.09.187">26.09.187(2), neither party shall make any decision for the child other than those relating to day-to-day or emergency care of the child, which shall be made by the party who is present with the child;

(d) Provisions for temporary support for the child; and

(e) Restraining orders, if applicable, under RCW &"#26.09.060">26.09.060.

(3) A parent may make a motion for an order to show cause and the court may enter a temporary order, including a temporary parenting plan, upon a showing of necessity.

(4) A parent may move for amendment of a temporary parenting plan, and the court may order amendment to the temporary parenting plan, if the amendment conforms to the limitations of RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191 and is in the best interest of the child.

(5) If a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or dissolution of domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity is dismissed, any temporary order or temporary parenting plan is vacated.

[2008 c 6 1045; 1987 c 460 13.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.197
Issuance of temporary parenting plan Criteria.

After considering the affidavit required by RCW &"#26.09.194">26.09.194(1) and other relevant evidence presented, the court shall make a temporary parenting plan that is in the best interest of the child. In making this determination, the court shall give particular consideration to:

(1) The relative strength, nature, and stability of the child's relationship with each parent; and

(2) Which parenting arrangements will cause the least disruption to the child's emotional stability while the action is pending.

The court shall also consider the factors used to determine residential provisions in the permanent parenting plan.

[2007 c 496 604; 1987 c 460 14.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.




26.09.210
Parenting plans Interview with child by court Advice of professional personnel.

The court may interview the child in chambers to ascertain the child's wishes as to the child's residential schedule in a proceeding for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership, legal separation, or declaration of invalidity. The court may permit counsel to be present at the interview. The court shall cause a record of the interview to be made and to be made part of the record in the case.

The court may seek the advice of professional personnel whether or not they are employed on a regular basis by the court. The advice given shall be in writing and shall be made available by the court to counsel upon request. Counsel may call for cross-examination any professional personnel consulted by the court.

[2008 c 6 1018; 1987 c 460 15; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 21.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.220
Parenting arrangements Investigation and report Appointment of guardian ad litem.

(1) The court may order an investigation and report concerning parenting arrangements for the child, or may appoint a guardian ad litem pursuant to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.12.175">26.12.175, or both. The investigation and report may be made by the guardian ad litem, the staff of the juvenile court, or other professional social service organization experienced in counseling children and families.

(2) In preparing the report concerning a child, the investigator may consult any person who may have information about the child and the potential parenting or custodian arrangements. Upon order of the court, the investigator may refer the child to professional personnel for diagnosis. The investigator may consult with and obtain information from medical, psychiatric, or other expert persons who have served the child in the past without obtaining the consent of the parent or the child's custodian; but the child's consent must be obtained if the child has reached the age of twelve, unless the court finds that the child lacks mental capacity to consent. If the requirements of subsection (3) of this section are fulfilled, the investigator's report may be received in evidence at the hearing.

(3) The investigator shall mail the investigator's report to counsel and to any party not represented by counsel at least ten days prior to the hearing unless a shorter time is ordered by the court for good cause shown. The investigator shall make available to counsel and to any party not represented by counsel the investigator's file of underlying data and reports, complete texts of diagnostic reports made to the investigator pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) of this section, and the names and addresses of all persons whom the investigator has consulted. Any party to the proceeding may call the investigator and any person whom the investigator has consulted for cross-examination. A party may not waive the right of cross-examination prior to the hearing.

[1993 c 289 1; 1989 c 375 12; 1987 c 460 16; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 22.]




26.09.225
Access to child's education and health care records.

(1) Each parent shall have full and equal access to the education and health care records of the child absent a court order to the contrary. Neither parent may veto the access requested by the other parent.

(2) Educational records are limited to academic, attendance, and disciplinary records of public and private schools in all grades kindergarten through twelve and any form of alternative school for all periods for which child support is paid or the child is the dependent in fact of the parent requesting access to the records.

(3) Educational records of postsecondary educational institutions are limited to enrollment and academic records necessary to determine, establish, or continue support ordered pursuant to RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.19.090">26.19.090
.

[1991 sp.s. c 28 3; 1990 1st ex.s. c 2 18; 1987 c 460 17.]

Notes:
     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 sp.s. c 28: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.

     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.




26.09.231
Residential time summary report.

The parties to dissolution matters shall file with the clerk of the court the residential time summary report. The summary report shall be on the form developed by the administrative office of the courts in consultation with the department of social and health services division of child support. The parties must complete the form and file the form with the court order. The clerk of the court must forward the form to the division of child support on at least a monthly basis.

[2007 c 496 701.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- 2007 c 496: See note following RCW &"#26.09.002">26.09.002.




26.09.240
Visitation rights Person other than parent Grandparents' visitation rights.

(1) A person other than a parent may petition the court for visitation with a child at any time or may intervene in a pending dissolution, legal separation, or modification of parenting plan proceeding. A person other than a parent may not petition for visitation under this section unless the child's parent or parents have commenced an action under this chapter.

(2) A petition for visitation with a child by a person other than a parent must be filed in the county in which the child resides.

(3) A petition for visitation or a motion to intervene pursuant to this section shall be dismissed unless the petitioner or intervenor can demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that a significant relationship exists with the child with whom visitation is sought. If the petition or motion is dismissed for failure to establish the existence of a significant relationship, the petitioner or intervenor shall be ordered to pay reasonable attorney's fees and costs to the parent, parents, other custodian, or representative of the child who responds to this petition or motion.

(4) The court may order visitation between the petitioner or intervenor and the child between whom a significant relationship exists upon a finding supported by the evidence that the visitation is in the child's best interests.

(5)(a) Visitation with a grandparent shall be presumed to be in the child's best interests when a significant relationship has been shown to exist. This presumption may be rebutted by a preponderance of evidence showing that visitation would endanger the child's physical, mental, or emotional health.

(b) If the court finds that reasonable visitation by a grandparent would be in the child's best interest except for hostilities that exist between the grandparent and one or both of the parents or person with whom the child lives, the court may set the matter for mediation under RCW &"#26.09.015">26.09.015
.

(6) The court may consider the following factors when making a determination of the child's best interests:

(a) The strength of the relationship between the child and the petitioner;

(b) The relationship between each of the child's parents or the person with whom the child is residing and the petitioner;

(c) The nature and reason for either parent's objection to granting the petitioner visitation;

(d) The effect that granting visitation will have on the relationship between the child and the child's parents or the person with whom the child is residing;

(e) The residential time sharing arrangements between the parents;

(f) The good faith of the petitioner;

(g) Any criminal history or history of physical, emotional, or sexual abuse or neglect by the petitioner; and

(h) Any other factor relevant to the child's best interest.

(7) The restrictions of RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191 that apply to parents shall be applied to a petitioner or intervenor who is not a parent. The nature and extent of visitation, subject to these restrictions, is in the discretion of the court.

(8) The court may order an investigation and report concerning the proposed visitation or may appoint a guardian ad litem as provided in RCW &"#26.09.220">26.09.220.

(9) Visitation granted pursuant to this section shall be incorporated into the parenting plan for the child.

(10) The court may modify or terminate visitation rights granted pursuant to this section in any subsequent modification action upon a showing that the visitation is no longer in the best interest of the child.

[1996 c 177 1; 1989 c 375 13; 1987 c 460 18; 1977 ex.s. c 271 1; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 24.]

Notes:
     Reviser's note: This section was declared unconstitutional and invalid by the Washington State Supreme Court in "In re Parentage of C.A.M.A.," No. 75262-1, April 7, 2005.




26.09.255
Remedies when a child is taken, enticed, or concealed.

(1) A relative may bring civil action against any other relative if, with intent to deny access to a child by that relative of the child who has a right to physical custody of or visitation with the child or a parent with whom the child resides pursuant to a parenting plan order, the relative takes, entices, or conceals the child from that relative. The plaintiff may be awarded, in addition to any damages awarded by the court, the reasonable expenses incurred by the plaintiff in locating the child, including, but not limited to, investigative services and reasonable attorneys' fees.

(2) "Relative" means an ancestor, descendant, or sibling including a relative of the same degree through marriage, domestic partnership, or adoption, or a spouse or domestic partner.

[2008 c 6 1019; 1987 c 460 22; 1984 c 95 6.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Severability -- 1984 c 95: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.060">9A.40.060.




26.09.260
Modification of parenting plan or custody decree.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsections (4), (5), (6), (8), and (10) of this section, the court shall not modify a prior custody decree or a parenting plan unless it finds, upon the basis of facts that have arisen since the prior decree or plan or that were unknown to the court at the time of the prior decree or plan, that a substantial change has occurred in the circumstances of the child or the nonmoving party and that the modification is in the best interest of the child and is necessary to serve the best interests of the child. The effect of a parent's military duties potentially impacting parenting functions shall not, by itself, be a substantial change of circumstances justifying a permanent modification of a prior decree or plan.

(2) In applying these standards, the court shall retain the residential schedule established by the decree or parenting plan unless:

(a) The parents agree to the modification;

(b) The child has been integrated into the family of the petitioner with the consent of the other parent in substantial deviation from the parenting plan;

(c) The child's present environment is detrimental to the child's physical, mental, or emotional health and the harm likely to be caused by a change of environment is outweighed by the advantage of a change to the child; or

(d) The court has found the nonmoving parent in contempt of court at least twice within three years because the parent failed to comply with the residential time provisions in the court-ordered parenting plan, or the parent has been convicted of custodial interference in the first or second degree under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.060">9A.40.060
or &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.070">9A.40.070.

(3) A conviction of custodial interference in the first or second degree under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.060">9A.40.060 or &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=9A.40.070">9A.40.070 shall constitute a substantial change of circumstances for the purposes of this section.

(4) The court may reduce or restrict contact between the child and the parent with whom the child does not reside a majority of the time if it finds that the reduction or restriction would serve and protect the best interests of the child using the criteria in RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191.

(5) The court may order adjustments to the residential aspects of a parenting plan upon a showing of a substantial change in circumstances of either parent or of the child, and without consideration of the factors set forth in subsection (2) of this section, if the proposed modification is only a minor modification in the residential schedule that does not change the residence the child is scheduled to reside in the majority of the time and:

(a) Does not exceed twenty-four full days in a calendar year; or

(b) Is based on a change of residence of the parent with whom the child does not reside the majority of the time or an involuntary change in work schedule by a parent which makes the residential schedule in the parenting plan impractical to follow; or

(c) Does not result in a schedule that exceeds ninety overnights per year in total, if the court finds that, at the time the petition for modification is filed, the decree of dissolution or parenting plan does not provide reasonable time with the parent with whom the child does not reside a majority of the time, and further, the court finds that it is in the best interests of the child to increase residential time with the parent in excess of the residential time period in (a) of this subsection. However, any motion under this subsection (5)(c) is subject to the factors established in subsection (2) of this section if the party bringing the petition has previously been granted a modification under this same subsection within twenty-four months of the current motion. Relief granted under this section shall not be the sole basis for adjusting or modifying child support.

(6) The court may order adjustments to the residential aspects of a parenting plan pursuant to a proceeding to permit or restrain a relocation of the child. The person objecting to the relocation of the child or the relocating person's proposed revised residential schedule may file a petition to modify the parenting plan, including a change of the residence in which the child resides the majority of the time, without a showing of adequate cause other than the proposed relocation itself. A hearing to determine adequate cause for modification shall not be required so long as the request for relocation of the child is being pursued. In making a determination of a modification pursuant to relocation of the child, the court shall first determine whether to permit or restrain the relocation of the child using the procedures and standards provided in RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405 through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560. Following that determination, the court shall determine what modification pursuant to relocation should be made, if any, to the parenting plan or custody order or visitation order.

(7) A parent with whom the child does not reside a majority of the time and whose residential time with the child is subject to limitations pursuant to RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191 (2) or (3) may not seek expansion of residential time under subsection (5)(c) of this section unless that parent demonstrates a substantial change in circumstances specifically related to the basis for the limitation.

(8)(a) If a parent with whom the child does not reside a majority of the time voluntarily fails to exercise residential time for an extended period, that is, one year or longer, the court upon proper motion may make adjustments to the parenting plan in keeping with the best interests of the minor child.

(b) For the purposes of determining whether the parent has failed to exercise residential time for one year or longer, the court may not count any time periods during which the parent did not exercise residential time due to the effect of the parent's military duties potentially impacting parenting functions.

(9) A parent with whom the child does not reside a majority of the time who is required by the existing parenting plan to complete evaluations, treatment, parenting, or other classes may not seek expansion of residential time under subsection (5)(c) of this section unless that parent has fully complied with such requirements.

(10) The court may order adjustments to any of the nonresidential aspects of a parenting plan upon a showing of a substantial change of circumstances of either parent or of a child, and the adjustment is in the best interest of the child. Adjustments ordered under this section may be made without consideration of the factors set forth in subsection (2) of this section.

(11) If the parent with whom the child resides a majority of the time receives temporary duty, deployment, activation, or mobilization orders from the military that involve moving a substantial distance away from the parent's residence or otherwise would have a material effect on the parent's ability to exercise parenting functions and primary placement responsibilities, then:

(a) Any temporary custody order for the child during the parent's absence shall end no later than ten days after the returning parent provides notice to the temporary custodian, but shall not impair the discretion of the court to conduct an expedited or emergency hearing for resolution of the child's residential placement upon return of the parent and within ten days of the filing of a motion alleging an immediate danger of irreparable harm to the child. If a motion alleging immediate danger has not been filed, the motion for an order restoring the previous residential schedule shall be granted; and

(b) The temporary duty, activation, mobilization, or deployment and the temporary disruption to the child's schedule shall not be a factor in a determination of change of circumstances if a motion is filed to transfer residential placement from the parent who is a military service member.

(12) If a parent receives military temporary duty, deployment, activation, or mobilization orders that involve moving a substantial distance away from the military parent's residence or otherwise have a material effect on the military parent's ability to exercise residential time or visitation rights, at the request of the military parent, the court may delegate the military parent's residential time or visitation rights, or a portion thereof, to a child's family member, including a stepparent, or another person other than a parent, with a close and substantial relationship to the minor child for the duration of the military parent's absence, if delegating residential time or visitation rights is in the child's best interest. The court may not permit the delegation of residential time or visitation rights to a person who would be subject to limitations on residential time under RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191. The parties shall attempt to resolve disputes regarding delegation of residential time or visitation rights through the dispute resolution process specified in their parenting plan, unless excused by the court for good cause shown. Such a court-ordered temporary delegation of a military parent's residential time or visitation rights does not create separate rights to residential time or visitation for a person other than a parent.

(13) If the court finds that a motion to modify a prior decree or parenting plan has been brought in bad faith, the court shall assess the attorney's fees and court costs of the nonmoving parent against the moving party.

[2009 c 502 3; 2000 c 21 19; 1999 c 174 1; 1991 c 367 9. Prior: 1989 c 375 14; 1989 c 318 3; 1987 c 460 19; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 26.]

Notes:
     Applicability -- 2000 c 21: See RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.

     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.

     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 c 367: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.015">26.09.015.

     Severability -- 1989 c 318: See note following RCW &"#26.09.160">26.09.160.




26.09.270
Child custody Temporary custody order, temporary parenting plan, or modification of custody decree Affidavits required.

A party seeking a temporary custody order or a temporary parenting plan or modification of a custody decree or parenting plan shall submit together with his motion, an affidavit setting forth facts supporting the requested order or modification and shall give notice, together with a copy of his affidavit, to other parties to the proceedings, who may file opposing affidavits. The court shall deny the motion unless it finds that adequate cause for hearing the motion is established by the affidavits, in which case it shall set a date for hearing on an order to show cause why the requested order or modification should not be granted.

[1989 c 375 15; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 27.]




26.09.280
Parenting plan or child support modification or enforcement Venue.

Every action or proceeding to change, modify, or enforce any final order, judgment, or decree entered in any dissolution or legal separation or declaration concerning the validity of a marriage or domestic partnership, whether under this chapter or prior law, regarding the parenting plan or child support for the minor children of the marriage or the domestic partnership may be brought in the county where the minor children are then residing, or in the court in which the final order, judgment, or decree was entered, or in the county where the parent or other person who has the care, custody, or control of the children is then residing.

[2008 c 6 1020; 1991 c 367 10; 1987 c 460 20; 1975 c 32 4; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 28.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.

     Severability -- Effective date -- Captions not law -- 1991 c 367: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.015">26.09.015.




26.09.285
Designation of custody for the purpose of other state and federal statutes.

Solely for the purposes of all other state and federal statutes which require a designation or determination of custody, a parenting plan shall designate the parent with whom the child is scheduled to reside a majority of the time as the custodian of the child. However, this designation shall not affect either parent's rights and responsibilities under the parenting plan. In the absence of such a designation, the parent with whom the child is scheduled to reside the majority of the time shall be deemed to be the custodian of the child for the purposes of such federal and state statutes.

[1989 c 375 16; 1987 c 460 21.]




26.09.290
Final decree of dissolution nunc pro tunc.

Whenever either of the parties in an action for dissolution of marriage or domestic partnership is, under the law, entitled to a final judgment, but by mistake, negligence, or inadvertence the same has not been signed, filed, or entered, if no appeal has been taken from the interlocutory order or motion for a new trial made, the court, on the motion of either party thereto or upon its own motion, may cause a final judgment to be signed, dated, filed, and entered therein granting the dissolution as of the date when the same could have been given or made by the court if applied for. The court may cause such final judgment to be signed, dated, filed, and entered nunc pro tunc as aforesaid, even though a final judgment may have been previously entered where by mistake, negligence or inadvertence the same has not been signed, filed, or entered as soon as such final judgment, the parties to such action shall be deemed to have been restored to the status of single persons as of the date affixed to such judgment, and any marriage or any domestic partnership of either of such parties subsequent to six months after the granting of the interlocutory order as shown by the minutes of the court, and after the final judgment could have been entered under the law if applied for, shall be valid for all purposes as of the date affixed to such final judgment, upon the filing thereof.

[2008 c 6 1021; 1973 1st ex.s. c 157 29.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.300
Restraining orders Notice Refusal to comply Arrest Penalty Defense Peace officers, immunity.

(1) Whenever a restraining order is issued under this chapter, and the person to be restrained knows of the order, a violation of the provisions restricting the person from acts or threats of violence or of a provision restraining the person from going onto the grounds of or entering the residence, workplace, school, or day care of another, or prohibiting the person from knowingly coming within, or knowingly remaining within, a specified distance of a location, is punishable under RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.110">26.50.110.

(2) A person is deemed to have notice of a restraining order if:

(a) The person to be restrained or the person's attorney signed the order;

(b) The order recites that the person to be restrained or the person's attorney appeared in person before the court;

(c) The order was served upon the person to be restrained; or

(d) The peace officer gives the person oral or written evidence of the order by reading from it or handing to the person a certified copy of the original order, certified to be an accurate copy of the original by a notary public or by the clerk of the court.

(3) A peace officer shall verify the existence of a restraining order by:

(a) Obtaining information confirming the existence and terms of the order from a law enforcement agency; or

(b) Obtaining a certified copy of the order, certified to be an accurate copy of the original by a notary public or by the clerk of the court.

(4) A peace officer shall arrest and take into custody, pending release on bail, personal recognizance, or court order, a person without a warrant when the officer has probable cause to believe that:

(a) A restraining order has been issued under this chapter;

(b) The respondent or person to be restrained knows of the order; and

(c) The person to be arrested has violated the terms of the order restraining the person from acts or threats of violence or restraining the person from going onto the grounds of or entering the residence, workplace, school, or day care of another, or prohibiting the person from knowingly coming within, or knowingly remaining within, a specified distance of a location.

(5) It is a defense to prosecution under subsection (1) of this section that the court order was issued contrary to law or court rule.

(6) No peace officer may be held criminally or civilly liable for making an arrest under subsection (4) of this section if the officer acts in good faith and without malice.

[2000 c 119 21; 1996 c 248 9; 1995 c 246 27; 1984 c 263 28; 1974 ex.s. c 99 1.]

Notes:
     Application -- 2000 c 119: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.021">26.50.021.

     Severability -- 1995 c 246: See note following RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.010">26.50.010.

     Effective date -- Severability -- 1984 c 263: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.901">26.50.901 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.50.902">26.50.902.




26.09.310
Provision of health care to minor Immunity of health care provider.

No health care provider or facility, or their agent, shall be liable for damages in any civil action brought by a parent or guardian based only on a lack of the parent or guardian's consent for medical care of a minor child, if consent to the care has been given by a parent or guardian of the minor. The immunity provided by this section shall apply regardless of whether:

(1) The parents are married, unmarried, in a domestic partnership or not, or separated at the time of consent or treatment;

(2) The consenting parent is, or is not, a custodial parent of the minor;

(3) The giving of consent by a parent is, or is not, full performance of any agreement between the parents, or of any order or decree in any action entered pursuant to chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.09">26.09
RCW;

(4) The action or suit is brought by or on behalf of the nonconsenting parent, the minor child, or any other person.

[2008 c 6 1022; 1989 c 377 1.]

Notes:
     Part headings not law -- Severability -- 2008 c 6: See RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.900">26.60.900 and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.60.901">26.60.901.




26.09.405
Applicability.

(1) The provisions of RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405 through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560 and the chapter 21, Laws of 2000 amendments to RCW &"#26.09.260">26.09.260, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.10.190">26.10.190, and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.26.160">26.26.160 apply to a court order regarding residential time or visitation with a child issued:

(a) After June 8, 2000; and

(b) Before June 8, 2000, if the existing court order does not expressly govern relocation of the child.

(2) To the extent that a provision of RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405 through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560 and the chapter 21, Laws of 2000 amendments to RCW &"#26.09.260">26.09.260, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.10.190">26.10.190, and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.26.160">26.26.160 conflicts with the express terms of a court order existing prior to June 8, 2000, then RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405 through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560 and the chapter 21, Laws of 2000 amendments to RCW &"#26.09.260">26.09.260, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.10.190">26.10.190, and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.26.160">26.26.160 do not apply to those terms of that order governing relocation of the child.

(3) The provisions of RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405 through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560 do not apply to visitation orders entered in dependency proceedings as provided in RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=13.34.385">13.34.385.

[2008 c 259 2; 2000 c 21 3.]

Notes:
     Intent -- 2000 c 21: "By this act, the legislature intends to supersede the state supreme court's decisions In Re the Marriage of Littlefield, 133 Wn.2d 39 (1997), and In Re the Marriage of Pape, Docket No. 67527-9, December 23, 1999." [2000 c 21 1.]

     Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: "Captions used in this act are not any part of the law." [2000 c 21 22.]




26.09.410
Definitions.

The definitions in this section apply throughout RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405 through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560 and &"#26.09.260">26.09.260 unless the context clearly requires otherwise.

(1) "Court order" means a temporary or permanent parenting plan, custody order, visitation order, or other order governing the residence of a child under this title.

(2) "Relocate" means a change in principal residence either permanently or for a protracted period of time.

[2000 c 21 2.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.420
Grant of authority.

When entering or modifying a court order, the court has the authority to allow or not allow a person to relocate the child.

[2000 c 21 4.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.430
Notice requirement.

Except as provided in RCW &"#26.09.460">26.09.460, a person with whom the child resides a majority of the time shall notify every other person entitled to residential time or visitation with the child under a court order if the person intends to relocate. Notice shall be given as prescribed in RCW &"#26.09.440">26.09.440 and &"#26.09.450">26.09.450.

[2000 c 21 5.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.440
Notice Contents and delivery.

(1) Except as provided in RCW &"#26.09.450">26.09.450 and &"#26.09.460">26.09.460, the notice of an intended relocation of the child must be given by:

(a) Personal service or any form of mail requiring a return receipt; and

(b) No less than:

(i) Sixty days before the date of the intended relocation of the child; or

(ii) No more than five days after the date that the person knows the information required to be furnished under subsection (2) of this section, if the person did not know and could not reasonably have known the information in sufficient time to provide the sixty-days' notice, and it is not reasonable to delay the relocation.

(2)(a) The notice of intended relocation of the child must include: (i) An address at which service of process may be accomplished during the period for objection; (ii) a brief statement of the specific reasons for the intended relocation of the child; and (iii) a notice to the nonrelocating person that an objection to the intended relocation of the child or to the relocating person's proposed revised residential schedule must be filed with the court and served on the opposing person within thirty days or the relocation of the child will be permitted and the residential schedule may be modified pursuant to RCW &"#26.09.500">26.09.500. The notice shall not be deemed to be in substantial compliance for purposes of RCW &"#26.09.470">26.09.470 unless the notice contains the following statement: "THE RELOCATION OF THE CHILD WILL BE PERMITTED AND THE PROPOSED REVISED RESIDENTIAL SCHEDULE MAY BE CONFIRMED UNLESS, WITHIN THIRTY DAYS, YOU FILE A PETITION AND MOTION WITH THE COURT TO BLOCK THE RELOCATION OR OBJECT TO THE PROPOSED REVISED RESIDENTIAL SCHEDULE AND SERVE THE PETITION AND MOTION ON THE PERSON PROPOSING RELOCATION AND ALL OTHER PERSONS ENTITLED BY COURT ORDER TO RESIDENTIAL TIME OR VISITATION WITH THE CHILD."

(b) Except as provided in RCW &"#26.09.450">26.09.450 and &"#26.09.460">26.09.460, the following information shall also be included in every notice of intended relocation of the child, if available:

(i) The specific street address of the intended new residence, if known, or as much of the intended address as is known, such as city and state;

(ii) The new mailing address, if different from the intended new residence address;

(iii) The new home telephone number;

(iv) The name and address of the child's new school and day care facility, if applicable;

(v) The date of the intended relocation of the child; and

(vi) A proposal in the form of a proposed parenting plan for a revised schedule of residential time or visitation with the child, if any.

(3) A person required to give notice of an intended relocation of the child has a continuing duty to promptly update the information required with the notice as that new information becomes known.

[2000 c 21 6.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.450
Notice Relocation within the same school district.

(1) When the intended relocation of the child is within the school district in which the child currently resides the majority of the time, the person intending to relocate the child, in lieu of notice prescribed in RCW &"#26.09.440">26.09.440, may provide actual notice by any reasonable means to every other person entitled to residential time or visitation with the child under a court order.

(2) A person who is entitled to residential time or visitation with the child under a court order may not object to the intended relocation of the child within the school district in which the child currently resides the majority of the time, but he or she retains the right to move for modification under RCW &"#26.09.260">26.09.260.

[2000 c 21 7.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.460
Limitation of notices.

(1) If a person intending to relocate the child is entering a domestic violence shelter due to the danger imposed by another person, notice may be delayed for twenty-one days. This section shall not be construed to compel the disclosure by any domestic violence shelter of information protected by confidentiality except as provided by RCW &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=70.123.075">70.123.075 or equivalent laws of the state in which the shelter is located.

(2) If a person intending to relocate the child is a participant in the address confidentiality program pursuant to chapter &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=40.24">40.24 RCW or has a court order which permits the party to withhold some or all of the information required by RCW &"#26.09.440">26.09.440(2)(b), the confidential or protected information is not required to be given with the notice.

(3) If a person intending to relocate the child is relocating to avoid a clear, immediate, and unreasonable risk to the health or safety of a person or the child, notice may be delayed for twenty-one days.

(4) A person intending to relocate the child who believes that his or her health or safety or the health or safety of the child would be unreasonably put at risk by notice or disclosure of certain information in the notice may request an ex parte hearing with the court to have all or part of the notice requirements waived. If the court finds that the health or safety of a person or a child would be unreasonably put at risk by notice or the disclosure of certain information in the notice, the court may:

(a) Order that the notice requirements be less than complete or waived to the extent necessary to protect confidentiality or the health or safety of a person or child; or

(b) Provide such other relief as the court finds necessary to facilitate the legitimate needs of the parties and the best interests of the child under the circumstances.

(5) This section does not deprive a person entitled to residential time or visitation with a child under a court order the opportunity to object to the intended relocation of the child or the proposed revised residential schedule before the relocation occurs.

[2000 c 21 8.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.470
Failure to give notice.

(1) The failure to provide the required notice is grounds for sanctions, including contempt if applicable.

(2) In determining whether a person has failed to comply with the notice requirements for the purposes of this section, the court may consider whether:

(a) The person has substantially complied with the notice requirements;

(b) The court order in effect at the time of the relocation was issued prior to June 8, 2000, and the person substantially complied with the notice requirements, if any, in the existing order;

(c) A waiver of notice was granted;

(d) A person entitled to receive notice was substantially harmed; and

(e) Any other factor the court deems relevant.

(3) A person entitled to file an objection to the intended relocation of the child may file such objection whether or not the person has received proper notice.

[2000 c 21 9.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.480
Objection to relocation or proposed revised residential schedule.

(1) A party objecting to the intended relocation of the child or the relocating parent's proposed revised residential schedule shall do so by filing the objection with the court and serving the objection on the relocating party and all other persons entitled by court order to residential time or visitation with the child by means of personal service or mailing by any form of mail requiring a return receipt to the relocating party at the address designated for service on the notice of intended relocation and to other parties requiring notice at their mailing address. The objection must be filed and served, including a three-day waiting period if the objection is served by mail, within thirty days of receipt of the notice of intended relocation of the child. The objection shall be in the form of: (a) A petition for modification of the parenting plan pursuant to relocation; or (b) other court proceeding adequate to provide grounds for relief.

(2) Unless the special circumstances described in RCW &"#26.09.460">26.09.460
apply, the person intending to relocate the child shall not, without a court order, change the principal residence of the child during the period in which a party may object. The order required under this subsection may be obtained ex parte. If the objecting party notes a court hearing to prevent the relocation of the child for a date not more than fifteen days following timely service of an objection to relocation, the party intending to relocate the child shall not change the principal residence of the child pending the hearing unless the special circumstances described in RCW &"#26.09.460">26.09.460(3) apply.

(3) The administrator for the courts shall develop a standard form, separate from existing dissolution or modification forms, for use in filing an objection to relocation of the child or objection of the relocating person's proposed revised residential schedule.

[2000 c 21 10.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.490
Required provision in residential orders.

Unless waived by court order, after June 8, 2000, every court order shall include a clear restatement of the provisions in RCW &"#26.09.430">26.09.430 through &"#26.09.480">26.09.480.

[2000 c 21 11.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.500
Failure to object.

(1) Except for good cause shown, if a person entitled to object to the relocation of the child does not file an objection with the court within thirty days after receipt of the relocation notice, then the relocation of the child shall be permitted.

(2) A nonobjecting person shall be entitled to the residential time or visitation with the child specified in the proposed residential schedule included with the relocation notice.

(3) Any person entitled to residential time or visitation with a child under a court order retains his or her right to move for modification under RCW &"#26.09.260">26.09.260
.

(4) If a person entitled to object to the relocation of the child does not file an objection with the court within thirty days after receipt of the relocation notice, a person entitled to residential time with the child may not be held in contempt of court for any act or omission that is in compliance with the proposed revised residential schedule set forth in the notice given.

(5) Any party entitled to residential time or visitation with the child under a court order may, after thirty days have elapsed since the receipt of the notice, obtain ex parte and file with the court an order modifying the residential schedule in conformity with the relocating party's proposed residential schedule specified in the notice upon filing a copy of the notice and proof of service of such notice. A party may obtain ex parte and file with the court an order modifying the residential schedule in conformity with the proposed residential schedule specified in the notice before the thirty days have elapsed if the party files a copy of the notice, proof of service of such notice, and proof that no objection will be filed.

[2000 c 21 12.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.510
Temporary orders.

(1) The court may grant a temporary order restraining relocation of the child, or ordering return of the child if the child's relocation has occurred, if the court finds:

(a) The required notice of an intended relocation of the child was not provided in a timely manner and the nonrelocating party was substantially prejudiced;

(b) The relocation of the child has occurred without agreement of the parties, court order, or the notice required by RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405
through &"#26.09.560">26.09.560 and the chapter 21, Laws of 2000 amendments to RCW &"#26.09.260">26.09.260, &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.10.190">26.10.190, and &apps.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=26.26.160">26.26.160; or

(c) After examining evidence presented at a hearing for temporary orders in which the parties had adequate opportunity to prepare and be heard, there is a likelihood that on final hearing the court will not approve the intended relocation of the child or no circumstances exist sufficient to warrant a relocation of the child prior to a final determination at trial.

(2) The court may grant a temporary order authorizing the intended relocation of the child pending final hearing if the court finds:

(a) The required notice of an intended relocation of the child was provided in a timely manner or that the circumstances otherwise warrant issuance of a temporary order in the absence of compliance with the notice requirements and issues an order for a revised schedule for residential time with the child; and

(b) After examining the evidence presented at a hearing for temporary orders in which the parties had adequate opportunity to prepare and be heard, there is a likelihood that on final hearing the court will approve the intended relocation of the child.

[2000 c 21 13.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.520
Basis for determination.

The person proposing to relocate with the child shall provide his or her reasons for the intended relocation. There is a rebuttable presumption that the intended relocation of the child will be permitted. A person entitled to object to the intended relocation of the child may rebut the presumption by demonstrating that the detrimental effect of the relocation outweighs the benefit of the change to the child and the relocating person, based upon the following factors. The factors listed in this section are not weighted. No inference is to be drawn from the order in which the following factors are listed:

(1) The relative strength, nature, quality, extent of involvement, and stability of the child's relationship with each parent, siblings, and other significant persons in the child's life;

(2) Prior agreements of the parties;

(3) Whether disrupting the contact between the child and the person with whom the child resides a majority of the time would be more detrimental to the child than disrupting contact between the child and the person objecting to the relocation;

(4) Whether either parent or a person entitled to residential time with the child is subject to limitations under RCW &"#26.09.191">26.09.191
;

(5) The reasons of each person for seeking or opposing the relocation and the good faith of each of the parties in requesting or opposing the relocation;

(6) The age, developmental stage, and needs of the child, and the likely impact the relocation or its prevention will have on the child's physical, educational, and emotional development, taking into consideration any special needs of the child;

(7) The quality of life, resources, and opportunities available to the child and to the relocating party in the current and proposed geographic locations;

(8) The availability of alternative arrangements to foster and continue the child's relationship with and access to the other parent;

(9) The alternatives to relocation and whether it is feasible and desirable for the other party to relocate also;

(10) The financial impact and logistics of the relocation or its prevention; and

(11) For a temporary order, the amount of time before a final decision can be made at trial.

[2000 c 21 14.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.530
Factor not to be considered.

In determining whether to permit or restrain the relocation of the child, the court may not admit evidence on the issue of whether the person seeking to relocate the child will forego his or her own relocation if the child's relocation is not permitted or whether the person opposing relocation will also relocate if the child's relocation is permitted. The court may admit and consider such evidence after it makes the decision to allow or restrain relocation of the child and other parenting, custody, or visitation issues remain before the court, such as what, if any, modifications to the parenting plan are appropriate and who the child will reside with the majority of the time if the court has denied relocation of the child and the person is relocating without the child.

[2000 c 21 15.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.540
Objections by nonparents.

A court may not restrict the right of a parent to relocate the child when the sole objection to the relocation is from a third party, unless that third party is entitled to residential time or visitation under a court order and has served as the primary residential care provider to the child for a substantial period of time during the thirty-six consecutive months preceding the intended relocation.

[2000 c 21 16.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.550
Sanctions.

The court may sanction a party if it finds that a proposal to relocate the child or an objection to an intended relocation or proposed revised residential schedule was made to harass a person, to interfere in bad faith with the relationship between the child and another person entitled to residential time or visitation with the child, or to unnecessarily delay or needlessly increase the cost of litigation.

[2000 c 21 17.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.560
Priority for hearing.

A hearing involving relocations or intended relocations of children shall be accorded priority on the court's motion calendar and trial docket.

[2000 c 21 18.]

Notes:
     Intent -- Captions not law -- 2000 c 21: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.405">26.09.405.




26.09.900
Construction Pending divorce actions.

Notwithstanding the repeals of prior laws enumerated in section 30, chapter 157, Laws of 1973 1st ex. sess., actions for divorce which were properly and validly pending in the superior courts of this state as of the effective date of such repealer (July 15, 1973) shall be governed and may be pursued to conclusion under the provisions of law applicable thereto at the time of commencement of such action and all decrees and orders heretofore or hereafter in all other respects regularly entered in such proceedings are declared valid: PROVIDED, That upon proper cause being shown at any time before final decree, the court may convert such action to an action for dissolution of marriage as provided for in RCW &"#26.09.901">26.09.901.

[1974 ex.s. c 15 1.]




26.09.901
Conversion of pending action to dissolution proceeding.

Any divorce action which was filed prior to July 15, 1973 and for which a final decree has not been entered on February 11, 1974, may, upon order of the superior court having jurisdiction over such proceeding for good cause shown, be converted to a dissolution proceeding and thereafter be continued under the provisions of this chapter.

[1974 ex.s. c 15 2.]




26.09.902
RCW 26.09.900 and 26.09.901 deemed in effect on July 16, 1973.

The provisions of RCW &"#26.09.900">26.09.900 and &"#26.09.901">26.09.901 are remedial and procedural and shall be construed to have been in effect as of July 16, 1973.

[1974 ex.s. c 15 3.]




26.09.907
Construction Pending actions as of January 1, 1988.

Notwithstanding the repeals of prior laws, actions which were properly and validly pending in the superior courts of this state as of January 1, 1988, shall not be governed by chapter 460, Laws of 1987 but shall be governed by the provisions of law in effect on December 31, 1987.

[1989 c 375 17; 1987 c 460 23.]




26.09.909
Decrees entered into prior to January 1, 1988.

(1) Decrees under this chapter involving child custody, visitation, or child support entered in actions commenced prior to January 1, 1988, shall be deemed to be parenting plans for purposes of this chapter.

(2) The enactment of the 1987 revisions to this chapter does not constitute substantially changed circumstances for the purposes of modifying decrees entered under this chapter in actions commenced prior to January 1, 1988, involving child custody, visitation, or child support. Any action to modify any decree involving child custody, visitation, child support, or a parenting plan shall be governed by the provisions of this chapter.

(3) Actions brought for clarification or interpretation of decrees entered under this chapter in actions commenced prior to January 1, 1988, shall be determined under the law in effect immediately prior to January 1, 1988.

[1990 1st ex.s. c 2 16; 1989 c 375 18; 1987 c 460 24.]

Notes:
     Effective dates -- Severability -- 1990 1st ex.s. c 2: See notes following RCW &"#26.09.100">26.09.100.




26.09.910
Short title 1987 c 460.

This act shall be known as the parenting act of 1987.

[1987 c 460 57.]




26.09.911
Section captions 1987 c 460.

Section captions as used in this act do not constitute any part of the law.

[1987 c 460 58.]




26.09.912
Effective date 1987 c 460.

This act shall take effect on January 1, 1988.

[1987 c 460 59.]




26.09.913
Severability 1987 c 460.

If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of this act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.

[1987 c 460 60.]




26.09.914
Severability 1989 c 375.

If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.

[1989 c 375 33.]




26.09.915
Construction Chapter applicable to state registered domestic partnerships 2009 c 521.

For the purposes of this chapter, the terms spouse, marriage, marital, husband, wife, widow, widower, next of kin, and family shall be interpreted as applying equally to state registered domestic partnerships or individuals in state registered domestic partnerships as well as to marital relationships and married persons, and references to dissolution of marriage shall apply equally to state registered domestic partnerships that have been terminated, dissolved, or invalidated, to the extent that such interpretation does not conflict with federal law. Where necessary to implement chapter 521, Laws of 2009, gender-specific terms such as husband and wife used in any statute, rule, or other law shall be construed to be gender neutral, and applicable to individuals in state registered domestic partnerships.

[2009 c 521 65.]

Make sure to consult a lawyer or your state legislature for any changes to the law.

Virginia Divorce Laws




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